|Gatha||Sentence Translation||Sentence Structure|
Peaceful is his mind; peaceful are his speech and deeds
of such a one, who is freed by the right knowledge and tranquil.
ca kamma ca
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Adj.n. Pron.m. N.n. V.act.in. Adj.m. N.f. conj. N.n. conj.
Nom.Sg. Gen.Sg. Nom.Sg. 3.Sg.pres. Nom.Pl. Nom.Sg. | Nom.Sg. |
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List of Abbreviations
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Adv. N.f. Adj.m. Adj.m. Pron.m.
|_________| Gen.Sg. Gen.Sg. Gen.Sg.
|________________| | |
Adj.: peaceful, tranquil. It is a p.p. of the verb sam- (to be appeased).
Nom.Sg.n. = santaj.
tassa: tad-, Pron.: that. Gen.Sg.m. = tassa.
manaj: mano-, N.n.: mind. Nom.Sg. = manaj (although mano is the more usual form).
hoti, V. is. The verb root is bhu- (to be). 3.Sg.act.in.pres. = bhavati or hoti.
santa: santa-, Adj.: see above. Nom.Pl.m. = santa.
vaca: vaca-, N.f.: speech (derived from the verb root vac-, to speak). Nom.Sg. = vaca.
ca, conj.: and.
List of Abbreviations
kamma: kamma-, N.n.: deed, action. Derived from the verb kar- (to do). Nom.Sg. = kamma.
ca: see above.
sammadabbavimutta-, Adj.: emancipated,
freed or released by the right knowledge. It is a compound of:
sammadabba-, N.f.: right knowledge. It is a compound of:
samma-, Adv.: rightly, properly, thoroughly.
abba-, N.f.: knowledge.
Euphonic combination: samma + abba = sammadabba.
vimutta-, Adj.: emancipated, freed, released. It is a p.p. of the verb muc- (to release)
with the prefix vi- (meaning separation).
Gen.Sg.m. = samadabbavimuttassa.
upasantassa: upasanta-, Adj.: calmed, tranquil. It is a p.p. of the verb sam- (to be appeased) with the prefix upa- (towards, up). See also the words santaj and santa above. Gen.Sg.m. = upasantassa.
tadino: tadin-, Adj.: see above. Gen.Sg.m. = tadino.
List of Abbreviations
This verse consists of two sentences.
1) santaj tassa manaj hoti sammadabbavimuttassa upasantassa tadino (peaceful is his mind - of such a one, who is freed by the right knowledge and tranquil). The subject of this sentence is the noun manaj (mind, nominative singular). It has the pronoun tassa (his, genitive singular) for an attribute. This word has three attributes: the compound sammadabbavimuttassa (of the one, who is freed by the right knowledge, genitive singular), upasantassa (of the one, who is tranquil, genitive singular) and tadino (of such one, genitive singular). The verb is hoti (is, 3rd person, singular, active, indicative, present tense). It has an attribute, the past participle santaj (peaceful, nominative singular).
2) santa vaca ca kamma ca (peaceful are his speech and deeds). The subject consists of two nouns vaca (speech, nominative singular) and kamma (deed, nominative singular). They are connected by two conjunctions ca (and), forming an usual pattern found in Pali texts (A and B = A ca B ca). The verb is omitted, implying the verb "to be". This verb has an attribute, the past participle santa (peaceful, nominative plural).
Once a young seven years old boy became
a novice under Venerable Tissa. While his head was being shaved, he kept
his mind fixed on the object of meditation and attained arahantship immediately.
After a time, Venerable Tissa and the young novice set out on a journey to Savatthi to see the Buddha. On the way they stayed in a village monastery. Tissa went to sleep, but the young novice fell asleep only before the dawn. When Tissa woke up, he wanted to wake up also the novice. So he roused him with a palm-leaf fan. Accidentally he hit his eye with the handle and damaged his eye. The novice did not say anything, covered his eye with one hand and performed his duties - swept the floor and brought water to Tissa. When Tissa saw the novice offering him water with just one hand, he remarked that he should do it with both hands. The novice uncovered his eye and only then Tissa found out that the novice lost an eye. He also realized that he must be an Arahant! He felt very sorry and immediately started to apologize to the boy. But the novice said it was not Tissa's fault, it was only ripening of his old karma. Tissa just could not forget the whole story and he felt very depressed.
When they arrived in Savatthi, Tissa related the story to the Buddha. He replied with this verse, saying that an Arahant does not get angry with anyone, he is perfectly calm and peaceful.