Site mapAbout usConsultative CommitteeAsk LibrarianContributionCopyrightCitation GuidelineDonationHome        

CatalogAuthor AuthorityGoogle
Search engineFulltextScripturesLanguage LessonsMuseumLinks
Bookmark and Share

Extra service
吳越諸王(893-978)與佛教=The Kings of Wuyue (893-978) and Buddhism
Author 黃繹勳 (著)=Huang, Yi-hsun (au.)
Source 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
Pages123 - 147
Publisher中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
Publisher Url
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
Keyword吳越=Wuyue; 佛教=Buddhism; 錢鏐=Qian Liu; 錢弘俶=Qian Hongchu; 佛寺經幢=Buddhist temples and dhāra?ī-sūtra stone pillars




The Wuyue Kingdom 吳越國 (893-978) falls in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907-960) following the Tang (618-907). With the fall of the Tang, most of China had collapsed into a state of turmoil. Although Wuyue ranked among the smaller states of that period, it became one of the wealthiest owing to its prosperous economy and considerable peace lasting eighty-six years. As scholarship on Chinese Buddhism proceeds to the Song dynasty, scholars are discovering the importance of the Wuyue Kingdom in terms of the continuation of Buddhism into the Song. This paper examines the relationship between Buddhism and each of the four Wuyue kings: King Wusu Qian Liu 武肅王錢鏐, King Wenmu Qian Yuanguan 文穆王錢元瓘, King Zhongxian Qian Hongzuo 忠獻王錢弘佐, and King Zhongyi Qian Hongchu 忠懿王錢弘俶. The ways in which they supported Buddhism as well as their influence on the development of Buddhism will be examined.

The Wuyue kings built numerous Buddhist temples and dhāra?ī-sūtra stone pillars (jingchuang 經幢). By doing this they provided a supportive environment for Buddhist monks and nuns and propagated Buddhism among common people. Furthermore, the last king of Wuyue, Zhongyi, helped bring the Tiantai master Zhiyi’s works back from Korea. It was also because of King Zhongyi’s protection that the coastal area of southeastern China escaped the last Buddhist persecution.

Although all the Wuyue kings believed in Buddhism, the nature of each king’s relationship with Buddhism varied. In the early period of the kingdom, his construction of monasteries and support for Buddhist monks helped King Wusu acquire renown as a virtuous king. He believed that Buddhist rituals and the practice of dhāra?ī chanting for protection helped him consolidate the state. Buddhism also provided a religious means to release the king’s guilt over slaughter in battles. During the middle period of peace and prosperity, Buddhism offered a path for rulers such as King Wenmu to express their wishes for fortune, happiness and even liberation in the present and future. As the Wuyue kingdom came to a close, King Zhongyi expressed his wishes to protect the kingdom by erecting dhāra?ī-sūtra stone pillars. Thus Buddhism served both political and religious functions for each of the Wuyue kings.At the same time, the Wuyue kings also controlled the Sa?gha by implementing the Tang system of Sa?gha officials and by claiming the authority to appoint abbots and ordination supervisors. They also interfered with the monastic seniority system and the implementation of monastic “pure regulations.” King Zhongyi built Buddhist temples to be used as ancestral shrine for worshipping his parents and grandfather. As a result, the Sa?gha’s powers of autonomy and and self-regulation were weakened.

However, in balancing the overall effect of the Wuyue kings’ policies on Buddhism, the benefits outweigh the disadvantages. The disadvantages could be excellent experience for the Sa?gha in subsequent periods in dealing with issues of balancing political support and autonomy. All in all, the Wuyue kings’ contributions of building Buddhist temples and support for the Sa?gha established a firm foundation for the development of Buddhism in the Song and thereafter.
Table of contents前言 125
一、武肅王錢鏐(893-932年在位) 127
二、文穆王錢元瓘(932-942年在位) 133
三、忠獻王錢弘佐(942-947年在位) 134
四、忠懿王錢弘俶(947-978年在位) 136
總結 140
ISSN10177132 (P)
Categories佛教-歷史; 歷史; 雕塑造像; 經幢
Created date2005.05.03
Modified date2018.02.27

Best viewed with Chrome, Firefox, Safari(Mac) but not supported IE


You are leaving our website for The full text resources provided by the above database or electronic journals may not be displayed due to the domain restrictions or fee-charging download problems.

Record correction

Please delete and correct directly in the form below, and click "Apply" at the bottom.
(When receiving your information, we will check and correct the mistake as soon as possible.)

Serial No.

Search History (Only show 10 bibliography limited)
Search Criteria Field Codes
Search CriteriaBrowse