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當佛教遇見耆那教 -- 初期佛教聖典中的宗教競爭與詮釋效應=Buddhism's Encounter with Jainism: Religious Competition and Hermeneutic Effect
Author 呂凱文 (著)=Lu, Kai-wen (au.)
Source 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
Volumen.19
Date2006.07.01
Pages179 - 207
Publisher中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
Publisher Url http://chinesebuddhiststudies.org/
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
Note作者為南華大學宗教學研究所副教授
Keyword詮釋學; 詮釋效應=Hermeneutic effect; 宗教競爭=Religious competition; 初期佛教=Early Buddhist scriptures; 耆那教=Jainism; Buddhism
Abstract與佛教同屬於新興宗教思潮的沙門陣營的耆那教,不僅是佛教初興當時的主要競爭對手之一,同樣也為佛教傳統建構中的宗教制度發展等帶來刺激與滋養。雖然彼此教義有差異,但是由於雙方實際興起與發展的時代重疊,宗教術語亦甚為接近,在宗教文化共構處甚多的情形下,學界戲稱兩者為「姊妹教」。礙於彼此宗教競爭,佛教看待耆那教的態度與耆那教理解自身宗教傳統的心態不同,從而「佛教聖典中的耆那教」與「耆那教聖典中的耆那教」之間的兩種形象存有差異。若是如此,初期佛教聖典所見的宗教競爭暨隨之引發的詮釋效應等諸問題,值得注意。
本文擬就前述問題進行論述,隨後透過巴利與漢譯初期佛教聖典的記載,首先指出同處印度沙門思潮中的佛耆兩教彼此的關係。其次,就初期佛教聖典的幾個宗教競爭案例,解讀隱於佛教聖典中伴隨宗教競爭關係而來的詮釋效應之問題。最後,則是本文提出的反省與結論。

Jainism, like Buddhism, was part of the newly arisen ?rama?a tradition. Not only was it one of Buddhism’s main competitors, but it also influenced and enriched the development of Buddhist religious institutions. It is true that Buddhism and Jainism have different doctrines, but they are regarded as “sister religions” by many scholars, because they both developed at nearly the same time with similar religious terminology and culture. Due to the religious competition, the attitude Buddhism took to Jainism differed from Jainism’s understanding of its own tradition. Therefore, there are discrepancies between Jainism as presented in Buddhist scriptures and that of Jainism’s own texts. Therefore, religious competition as seen in early Buddhist scriptures and the consequent hermeneutic effect are noteworthy.
The present article explores the above issues. Using early Buddhist texts in Pali and Chinese, it looks at the relationship between Buddhism and Jainism. Then, based on several cases of religious competition in early Buddhist texts, it brings to light the hermeneutic effects accompanying that competition. Finally, the article concludes with some thoughts on these issues.
Table of contents一、問題提出 181
 (一)從印度學背景看佛教
 (二)佛耆兩教互動
 (三)神聖媒體的詮釋效應
二、沙門思潮中的佛耆兩教 187
 (一)耆那教祖與佛陀
 (二)佛耆兩教的歷史事件牽引
三、佛耆兩教的宗教競爭與詮釋效應 192
 (一)佛教向耆那教徒宣教
 (二)耆那教向佛教徒宣教
 (三)宗教競爭的內容
四、反省與結論 204
ISSN10177132 (P)
Hits1981
Created date2006.12.08
Modified date2017.06.20



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