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Jung's Warnings Against Inflation=榮格對自大的警告
Author Hopkins, Jeffrey
Source Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=中華佛學學報
Pages159 - 174
PublisherChung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies=中華佛學研究所
Publisher Url
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
Keywordcarl jung=榮格; tibetan tantra=西藏密乘; emptiness=西藏密乘; deity yoga=本尊瑜伽; inflation=自大
AbstractIn the practice of deity yoga, compassion and wisdom are combined in a single consciousness such that the wisdom consciousness realizing emptiness is used as the basis from which one appears as a deity. Tibetan systems stress the importance of “divine pride,” in which the practitioner seeks to develop such clear imagination of herself or himself as a deity that the sense of being a deity occurs strongly. For Tsong-kha-pa (1359-1419), visualizing oneself as
a deity and identification with that deity comprise the central distinguishing feature of tantric meditation. In Action Tantra this practice begins with emptiness yoga, called the “ultimate deity,” wherein the deity is an appearance of the wisdom realizing the emptiness of inherent existence—the deity being merely the person designated in dependence upon purely appearing
mind and body. Because the empty status of the person is being realized, it is said that deity yoga serves to counteract the conception of oneself as inherently existent and thereby prevents afflicted pride, a version of ego-inflation which the renowned Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung (1875-1961) sought to avoid by advising against identifying with assimilated contents. This paper explores the perils of inflation that Jung predicted for Westerners who attempted Eastern yoga, and describes his remedy: assimilation of contents of the collective unconscious, not through identification, but through confrontation, avoiding equation with either the lowest or highest aspects of one’s own psyche.

在本尊瑜伽的修練中,慈悲與智慧在一識中結合,使得了解空性的智慧成為修行者觀想為本尊的基礎。在藏傳佛教中著重「靈性自滿」(“divine pride”) 的重要,修行者尋求發展清晰地觀想自己為本尊,也就是強烈地浮現「自己是本尊」的感受。由宗喀巴觀想自己為本尊並與本尊為一的修行,涵括密乘禪修中重要而顯著的特性。在事部密續,這樣的修練從空性瑜伽開始,稱為勝義本尊,此本尊是了解自性存在空的智慧顯現,也就是本尊只是單純地依於身心顯現而安立的補特伽羅,由了解補特伽羅之空性,可以說本尊瑜伽用於對治「我以自性存在」的概念,而因此避免了染污的自我,此自我也就是著名的瑞士心理學家卡爾.榮格所建議應避免的這一類的自我膨脹,也就是不應有「視為與同化內容一樣」的態度。此篇探索榮格為那些嘗試東方瑜伽的西方人所預期的自大的危險性,並闡述他的治療方式:透過對抗而非認同 , 而達到集體無意識內容的同化,以避免等同於自我之最低或最高精神層次。
ISSN10177132 (P)
Created date2008.12.10
Modified date2017.06.20

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