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注意力在認知歷程的作用:佛教與心理學的比較研究=The Functions of Attention in Cognitive Processes: A Comparative Study of Buddhism and Psychology
Author 關則富 (著)=Kuan, Tse-fu (au.)
Source 佛學與科學=Buddhism and Science
Volumev.11 n.1
Pages38 - 48
Publisher Url
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword認知=cognition; 注意力=attention; 感覺=sensation; 知覺=perception; 作意=manasikāra; 心像=imagery

Table of contents壹、前言 38
貳、認知歷程概述 38
參、 心理學的「注意力」與佛典的「作意」 39
肆、「注意力」在認知歷程的作用 40
五、結語 45
註釋 46
縮略語 46
參考文獻 46

Cognitive processes as described in psychology bear similarities to mental
activities stated in Buddhist scriptures. The correspondence between the two can be summed up as follows:
Buddhism: indriya + visaya → viññāna → phassa→saññā
Psychology: sense organs + stimulus → sensation → perception
Such processes involve information processing. In the field of psychology, 'attention' is regarded as the means by which we actively process alimited amount of information from the enormous amount of information available through our senses, our stored memories, and our other cognitive processes. Attention in this sense is largely coterminous wi th the idea of “manasikāra” in Buddhism. Among the four main functions of attention that psychologists are particularly interested in, selective attention and vigilance are closely related to the role manasikāra plays in Buddhist meditative practices. Certain types of mental image called nimitta may appear to those who enter deep meditative states, and nimitta becomes the focus of attention. Nimitta in Buddhism resembles what psychologists call “imagery” in many ways. This paper is a preliminary study. It deserves further investigation on the extent to which the above parallels in the two disciplines can be compared or identified.
ISSN16072952 (P)
Created date2010.04.10
Modified date2017.07.24

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