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天台宗的衰弱與中興
Author 牟宗三
Source 佛光學報=Fokuang Buddhist journal
Volume創刊號
Date1976.03
Pages28 - 56
Publisher佛教文化服務處
Location高雄縣, 臺灣 [Kaohsiung hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Keyword天台宗
Abstract中國佛教經會昌法難及唐末五代之亂,教藏大量亡佚; 天台宗亦隨之泯沒無聞. 及自吳越錢忠懿王遣使高麗取回天台章疏,天台宗始復甦於中國,至宋四明尊者—知禮大師乃中興天台宗.

知禮中興天台有二義:
1. 盛闡智者與荊溪之原意,

2. 辯破山外諸家之謬誤. 蓋天台久經衰弱,章疏不備,雖由高麗取還中國,但久生難熟,故需重闡天台大師原意. 另一方面,山外之徒,文獻不熟,義理不精多不自覺襲取華嚴思路以釋天台,故知禮力辯破之,重明天台教義.

山家山外之爭議,關於教們權實理論,集中於「別理隨圓」而論; 關於觀法之理論,則集中於「一念心」而論. 爭議所在則導源於對凝然真如系統的判教不同.

另外,牟先生認為:知禮如對唯識宗的真如觀直接判為通教,當可對山家山外之爭議迎刃而解.
Hits241
Created date1998.07.22
Modified date2020.04.06



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