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中國佛教以《法華經》為基礎的修行方法
Author 釋聖嚴 (著)=Shih, Sheng-yen (au.)
Source 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
Volumen.7
Date1994.07
Pages1 - 16
Publisher中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
Publisher Url http://chinesebuddhiststudies.org/
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
Keyword法華經; 修行法; 安樂行義; 法華三昧懺儀; 受持讀誦; 觀音菩薩=觀世音菩薩=Avalokiteshvara; 懺儀=懺法=懺法儀=The Ritual for Confession and Pardon; 經懺; 菩薩=Bodhisattva; 智顗=智者大師=天台大師; 修行方法=修行法門=Practice; 苦行=Ascetic; 信心=Belief=Faith; 阿彌陀佛=Amitaba Buddha=Amida Buddha; 法華宗=天台宗=Tendaishu=Tien-tai Buddhism
Abstract《法華經》自稱是「諸經中王」,不論從理論方面或實
踐方面來看,的確是部極重要的大乘經典,故為中國佛教
諸宗祖師,共同依止.

從《法華經》揭示的修行方法而言,概要的統計,約有
六十餘項,在其全經二十八品中,出現頻率最高的是為他
人解說經義,其次是受持,讀頌,供養經卷等. 此經也在鼓
勵修持六度行及三十七助道品外,最特殊的尚有兩項:①
遇人即拜並稱「汝等皆當作佛」的常不輕菩薩,②燒身供佛
的藥王菩薩苦行. 此種尊重他人是未來佛的信心,及為法
捨身的求道之心,為中國文化增加了謙和中求進步的活力.

中國佛教受《法華經》的直接影響而產生的修行方法,
相當的多,在編成整部的書及整套的儀軌方面,則有陳代慧
思的《安樂行義》及隋代智顗的《法華三昧懺儀》,尤其是
後者的影響所及,天台系的遵式,便編了許多種懺儀,致使
大眾化的中國佛教,一方面有利於集會修行,同時也即以做
經懺為信仰佛的形式了.

《法華經》鼓勵「不惜身命」的求法精神,同時又再三
強調「柔和」與「忍辱」的精神,這為中國文化中注入了堅
定和柔韌的美德. 此經主張稱名念佛,及稱念觀世音菩薩
的名號,作為修行方法,對佛教普及化的功效極大,甚至
未曾皈依佛教的人,一但遇到急難病變,也會不期然地念阿
彌陀佛,求觀世音菩薩,此為千百年來中國的社會人心,提
供了無法估計的安定力與安全感.

In the Saddharma `Pundarika Sutra` [hereafter
referred to as the Lotus Sutra] itself,it claims to
be the King among all the sutras. Whether looking at
it from its theoretical developmetns or
actualization of its practices, this sutra indeed
rank as one of the most significant and momentous
Mahayana scriptures. It has been relied on by many
patriarchs from different sects of Chinese Buddhism.

There are approximately over sixty different
methods of cultivation practices introduced in the
Lotus Sutra. Among the various methods revealed in
this twenty-eight fascicle scripture,the practice
of expounding this sutra to others appeared most
frequently. Complimentary practices that appeared
are,upholding,reciting,amd making offerings, to
the sutra. This sutra also encourages the praactice
of the six paramitas and the thirty-seven auxiliary
practices. Perhaps the most outstanding examples of
practices would be the Bodhisattva Never Despise,
who prostrated and paid respect to everyone he saw,
and the Bodhisattva Medicine King,who burned his
own body as an offering to a Buddha. The resolute
mind of faith which reveres everyone as a future
Buddha, and the utmost mind of aspiration for the
[Buddha] Path, which relinquishes even one's own
body has increased the energetic spirit,in striving
to progress amidst the placid and less vigorous
[styles],of Chinese Buddhism.

The direct impact of the Lotus Sutra on the
methods of cultivation practice that developed in
Chinese Buddhism is enormous, some were collected
and compiled into book form; others into
instructional manuals on ritual ceremonies. Two of
these texts, namely,the An-lo hsing i ("The
essential Meaning in the Course of Ease and Bliss")
written by Hui-ssu of the Ch'en Dynasty,and
particularly the Fa-hua san-mei ch'an-i ("The Manual
of the Louts Samadhi Repentance") written by Chih-i
of the Sui Dyn.,have been the most influential. In
accordance with the guiding codes of the T'ien-t'ai
sect,there have been subsequent compilations of
many more manuals for repentance rituals. Thus, this
allows Chinese Buddhism to be more accessible to the
general public,on the one hand,introducing group
practice,and at the same time,extablishing a
ritualistic devotional practice towards the Buddha.

The Lotus Sutra advocates the spirit of casting
off one's body to seek for the Dharma and,at the
same time,makes a special emphasis on carrying out
the spirit of both gentleness and patientendurance.
It is precisely this kind of beauty and virtue,in
its pliability yet unyieldingness, that has
penetrated deeply into the very heart of Chinese
Culture.

Moreover,the sutra advocates the practice of
recitation of the Buddha's and Bodhisattva
Avalokitesvara's names-which also had a tremendous
effect on the wide spread of Buddhism. Even a
non-Buddhist,who when faced with a critical illness
or calamity,would call out the name and seek out
the help of Amitabha Buddha or Bodhisattva
Avalokitesvara. Consequently,this ha
ISSN10177132 (P)
Categories佛教-思想
Dynasty中國-無
Regions中國
Hits1912
Created date1998.07.22
Modified date2017.06.15



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