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明末的唯識學者及其思想
Author 釋聖嚴 (著)=Shih, Sheng-yen (au.)
Source 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
Volumen.1
Date1987.03
Pages1 - 41
Publisher中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
Publisher Url http://chinesebuddhiststudies.org/
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
Keyword唯識學; 明代佛教; 華嚴疏鈔; 宗鏡錄; 智旭; 德清; 法相宗=Yogacara Buddhism
Abstract唯識學在中國,唐玄宗開元以後,即成絕響. 到明末為
止約八百年間,除《華嚴經疏鈔》及《宗鏡錄》二書中可
見到唯識大意外,別無著作. 明末一百數十年間,竟有十
七位有唯識著作的學者,三十五種計一0七卷的唯識註解.
他們雖未見到唐代的述記及三疏,卻從清涼澄觀及永明延壽
的二書中,探索出研究的脈絡. 明末的唯識思想,可分兩流
,一是專攻唯識而不涉餘宗者,一是本係餘宗學者而兼弘唯
識者,前者是唯識的唯識學,僅得二人,後者是唯心的唯識
學,包括其餘諸人. 而後者中,又分別各依天台教觀,楞
嚴經義,起信論旨,禪宗功夫為其背景者. 此時期唯識學的
最大特色,則為普遍強調性相融會的佛教思潮.

After the `K'ai-yuan` Period of the T'ang emperor
`Hsuan-tsung's` reign (713-741 A. D.),the study of
`Vijnanamatra` was on longer pursued in China.
Besides Ch'ing-liang Ch'eng-kuan's Commentary and
Subcommentary on the Hua-yen `Sutra` and Yung-ming
Yenshou's Tsung-ching lu,no other works were
written from which one could perceive a general idea
of the `Vijnanamatra` teachings during the following
800 years up to the late Ming Dynasty. Yet in the
last 100 odd years of the Ming Dynasty,there were
seventeen scholars who produced 35 `Vijnamatra-
related` treaties in 107 fascicles. Unabel to
consult the authoritative expositions of their T'ang
predecessors in their exploration of the `Vijnana-
matra` system,they depended on Ch'ing-liang Ch'eng-
kuan's and Yung-ming Yen-shou's books. Only two of
them,who represented the Consciousness-only branch
of the `Vijnamatra` School,devoted themselves
exclusively to the study of these teachings. The
rest originally belonged to other schools and
advocated Mind-only `Vijnanamatra` ideas. Among the
remaining fifteen were scholars with such divers
backgrounds as the T'ien-t'ai system of teaching and
insight meditation,the essence of the `Surangama
Sutra`,the principles of the Awakening of Faith,
and the Ch'an School type of meditative practice.
The outstanding characteristic of late Ming
`Vijnanamatra` thought was the stress placed on the
fusion of nature and appearance.
ISSN10177132 (P)
Hits1491
Created date1998.07.22
Modified date2017.06.15



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