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明末的居士佛教
Author 釋聖嚴 (著)=Shih, Sheng-yen (au.)
Source 華岡佛學學報=Hwakang Buddhist Journal
Volumen.5
Date1981.12
Pages7 - 36
Publisher中華學術院佛學研究所
Publisher Url http://www.chibs.edu.tw/
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者為本所所長、華崗教授
Keyword居士佛教; 明代; 中國佛教; 雲棲; 袾宏; 袁了凡; 政治
Abstract本文主在以明末居士之分布地區,功名地位,與僧侶之
關係,與理學家之觀係,修行分類,所持奉之佛教典籍,所
受之政治迫害及其佛學著作等八種方式,以統計資料來具體
分析明末居士佛教在時代中之影響,從而也反應出了明末政
治,社會環境. 當時,中國佛教界流行著禪,淨,密,律合
一思想,此傾向,一直支配著現代中國之佛教. 不過影響
當時居士界最大的為祩宏大師,主倡禪,淨並重,戒殺,放
生,正修因果,對當時社會具很大之安定作用,也是居士
會在當時蓬勃發展的主原因.

This article deals mainly with eight aspects of
the Buddhist laity in late Ming Dynasty:their
geographical distribution,secular achievements and
social positions, relationships with the clergy,
relationships with the Neo-Confucianists,
differences in religious practices, the scriptures
they upheld,the political persecutions they
suffered,and the books they wrote on Buddhology. It
is an analysis, based on statistic material,of the
influences of lay Buddhists in that period. It also
reflects the contemporary political and social
conditions. At that time the idea prevailed that
Ch'an,Pure Land,the Esoteric School,and the
Vinaya School were one and the same,a trend of
thought that has dominated Chinese Buddhism up to
this day. The person who exerted the greatest
influence on the laity and constituted the main
force behind the vigorous development of lay
organizations, was Master Chu Heng (祩宏大師). He
advocated equal emphasis on Ch'an and Pure Land,
prohibited killing,and taught true faith in karmic
retribution,all of which had a considerable effect
of stabilization on society.
Table of contents一、緒論 8
二、明末居士的地理分布表 12
三、明末居士的功名地位表 14
四、明末居士與僧侶關係統計表 15
五、明末居士與明代理學家的關係 18
六、明末居士的修行分類 21
七、明末居士所依用的經論疏鈔等佛教文獻 22
八、明末居士遭受政治迫害及與流賊相抗 24
九、明末居士的佛教著作 28
Hits1259
Created date1998.07.22
Modified date2017.08.17



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