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明末中國的禪宗人物及其特色
Author 釋聖嚴 (著)=Shih, Sheng-yen (au.)
Source 華岡佛學學報=Hwakang Buddhist Journal
Volumen.7
Date1984.09
Pages1 - 62
Publisher中華學術院佛學研究所
Publisher Url http://www.chibs.edu.tw/
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者為本所所長、華崗教授
Keyword禪宗=Zen Buddhism=Zazen Buddhism; 明代佛教; 臨濟宗; 曹洞宗
Abstract中國佛教經過異民族的元朝統治後,即進入衰微期,
直到十六世紀中葉以下,始現復甦的氣象,禪宗亦不例外,
禪者們不僅重視修證經驗及生活的軌範,也重視法派傳承的
追索及討論. 明末禪者,除留下五十種三八六卷禪籍的著
述外,也留下了六十五種二六九卷對經教所作的註釋等
書. 一度式微後的明末禪宗,雖仍有臨濟及曹洞二宗的門
庭,卻有好多位大師級的禪匠,不屬於任何一派. 明末禪者
的另一特色,則在修證實例,鍛練方法的編集與開示. 本
文依據十種禪宗的燈錄史書及相關的語錄傳記等資料,列出
明末清初的一一七位禪者,詳加考查,分作八節寫成.

Chinese Buddhism,which had entered a period of
decline after the rule of China by the Mongols, came
into life again in the middle of the sixth century.
The Ch'an School was no exception. The Ch'an master
of the era not only emphasized the experience of
realization and the discipline of religious life but
also attached much importance to the tracing of the
school's lineage. The masters in the late Ming
Dynasty left 50 works on Ch'an,comprising 386
volumes, and 65 works in the form of scriptural
commentaries, comprising 269 volumes. Although the
devision of Lin Chi and Tsao Tung remained,many
outstanding masters of the time did not belong to
either of the two sects. Another characteristic of
the Ch'an masters of the late Ming Dynasty was their
effort in compiling and teaching real examples of
realization and methods of practice. This paper,
which is based on ten historical works on Ch'an and
the related records of dialogues and biographies, is
a detailed investigation into 117 Ch'an masters of
the late Ming Dynasty and the early Ch'ing Dynasty.
It is divided into eight sections.
Table of contents壹、緒言 3
貳、明末禪者的資料考查 7
(一)明末禪宗人物資料表 8
參、明末禪者的出生地域及重要人物 16
(一)明末禪者的地理分佈表 16
(二)明末傑出禪僧世系表 19
肆、明末禪籍和禪者作述 20
一、明末禪籍一覽表 21
伍、明末禪者的傳記資料 30
明末禪者原始傳記資料表 31
陸、明末禪者的法派諍議 35
(一)臨濟宗徒的意見 36
(二)曹洞宗徒的意見 36
(三)尊宿的意見 40
柒、明末禪者的修證經驗 42
(一)臨濟宗禪者的省悟 43
(二)曹洞宗禪者的省悟 46
(三)尊宿們的省悟 49
捌、明末禪者重視鍛鍊的方法 53
九、結語 58
Hits1282
Created date1998.07.22
Modified date2017.08.17



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