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明本禪師的禪學思想
Author 魏道儒
Source 圓光佛學學報=Yuan Kuang Journal of Buddhist Studies
Volume創刊號
Date1993.12
Pages271 - 288
Publisher圓光佛學研究所=Yuan Kuang Buddhist College
Publisher Url http://www.ykbi.edu.tw/
Location桃園縣, 臺灣 [Taoyuean hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
Keyword元代佛教; 禪學; 明本禪師; 看話禪; 參話頭; 禪宗=Zen Buddhism=Zazen Buddhism; 坐禪; 禪淨合一; 公案
Abstract明本禪師終生持戒嚴謹,常年奔波於江南各地傳禪,是元代一位名聞遐邇,頗有影響的禪宗大師. 他批駁了元初禪宗界流行的各種錯誤思潮,大力倡導看話禪. 他認為參究話頭是真參實悟的表現,是證悟心體的唯一途徑,是與信守佛教戒律相一致的. 他論述了參究「無義味」話頭,參究話頭時「不起第二念」及「非禪不坐,非坐不禪」等觀點. 明本禪師還論證了禪與淨土「證一而名二」的關係,論證了對「頌古」和「評唱」等禪宗典籍應持有的態度. 他對元代禪僧普遍關注的許多問題有獨到見解,為元代禪學的發展做出了突出貢獻.

Ch'an Master Ming-pen observed the precepts rigorously throughout his life. All through the years he travelled to different places in Chang-nan transmitting Ch'an. He was a well-known and rather influential grand master of the Ch'an Sect during the Yuan Dynasty. He rebuked different wrong views prevalent in the Ch'an Sect during the early period of Yuan Dynasty,and strongly advocated K'an-hua
Ch'an (看話禪). He believed that investigating the Hua-ta'ou (話頭) was a show of real practice and actual enlightenment,and was parallel to believing and observing the Buddhist vinaya. He expounded on such ideas as investigating "Wu-i-wei" Hua-t'ou (「 無義味」話頭),"Pu-Ch'i-ti-erh-nien" (「不起第二念」 ) when investigating Hua-t'ou,and "Fei-Ch'an-pu- tso,Fei-tso-pu-ch'an" (非禪不坐,非坐不禪). Ch'an Master Ming-pen also discoursed on the relationship of "certify to one but is named as two" between the Ch'an and Pure-land Sects. He spoke on the attitudes to adopt towards works of the Ch'an Sect such as "Sung-ku" (頌古) and "P'ing-ch'ang" (評唱). He held his own views and understanding on many questions prevalent among the Ch'an monks during the Yuan Dynasty,thus contributing remarkably to the development of Ch'an study during the time of the Yuan Dynasty.
ISSN16086848 (P)
Hits887
Created date1998.07.22
Modified date2017.07.19



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