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人間佛教的人間淨土=The Pure Land on Earth as Presented by Socially Oriented Buddhism
Author 釋聖嚴 =Shih, Sheng-yen
Source 中華佛學研究=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Studies
Volumen.3
Date1999.03
Pages1 - 17
Publisher中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
Publisher Url http://www.chibs.edu.tw/ch_html/0_ch04/ch0404_02.html
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Keyword人間佛教=入世佛教=Humanistic Buddhism=Engaged Buddhism; 直心是淨土; 五類淨土; 淨土生因; 初發心時便成正覺; 一念成佛; 成熟有情嚴淨佛土; 隨其心淨則佛土淨; 建設人間淨土
Abstract釋尊成道,是為救濟人類生老病死的苦惱,成道後便開始將他證悟的佛法分享人間. 初度五比丘皆證阿羅漢果. 立即付囑他們,遊化人間,分頭弘法.

修行三祇百劫的聖道而成佛,其起點的初發心菩薩,主是人間身的凡夫. 修行西方阿彌陀佛的淨土法門,雖以信心,持名,發願往生,為基本條件,但在《觀無量壽佛經》及《無量壽經》,均另有三福淨業等的往生因行.

中國的禪宗引用《維摩經》的「隨其心淨則佛土淨」,主張心淨即是西方. 由於《觀無量壽經》有「是心是佛,是心作佛」句,演成禪宗有唯心淨土的信仰,但能悟心,便在淨土. 中國宋初的永明延壽依據《華嚴經 梵行品》的「初發心時便成正覺」,因此倡導「一念成佛」,一念即生淨土.

本文除將中國淨土思想的發展,作了探源性的介紹外,特別依據《大般若經》的成熟眾生嚴淨佛土,《法華經》的釋尊即以此界為淨土,《維摩經》的直心是淨土,太虛大師的人間淨土,印順長老的人間佛教,綜合而成法鼓山建設人間淨土的思想脈絡:眾生 (人) 的心清淨而行為清淨,個人的身口意清淨而影響所處的社會環境清淨. 在做往生佛國,嚴淨佛土的準備工夫階段,先要在人間自利利人,便是建設人間淨土.
ISSN1026969X (P)
Hits2099
Created date1999.03.20; 2002.07.23
Modified date2017.07.24



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