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《弘明集》所反映的佛教觀念=Buddhist Concept Reflected in the Hung-ming chi
Author 宋立道 (著)=Song, Li-dao (au.)
Source 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
Pages35 - 51
Publisher中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
Publisher Url
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
Keyword弘明集=the Hung-ming chi; 漢末佛教=Buddhism in the later Han Dynasty; 夷夏之辨; 本末之辨; 晉宋佛教=Buddhist Status in the Jin & Song Dynasties; controversies for Buddhism in Jin & Song Dynasties
Abstract本文根據《弘明集》中所搜輯的資料,考察了從漢末到南北朝時中國佛教發展中的重大事件. 對以往先賢充
分討論過的問題 -- 比如關於《理惑論》真偽和年代的討論 -- 不再覆述. 全文依據《弘明集》中的材料討論了三個問題:漢末三國時的佛教,晉宋佛教的幾個主理論爭論,晉宋的佛教形態. 關於漢末三國的佛教,作者強調了佛教自我意識的覺醒,它不再依傍於黃老祭祀之術,但在理論上它還要借傳統的老莊學說來說明自身. 關於晉宋佛教的理論爭論,本文依據《弘明集》本身,歸結為:舗夷夏之辨和本末之辨; 簿魂滅與否的爭論. 前者涉及了作為外來文化與中國固有文化如何相互適應且調整地位的問題,這種爭論和辨析的哲學背景則是至魏晉才產生的本體論哲學; 魂滅與否的討論則涉及了宗教倫理的存在前提. 這也是中國佛教走向成熟的必經階段. 經過晉宋的這場討論,中國人認為這個問題已解決. 關於晉宋的佛教形態,本文認為同前的佛教主在宮廷和少數貴族中流行不一樣,兩晉以降,佛教已深入民間. 其思想理論則主依靠士大夫階層得到闡揚. 至於士大夫心目中的佛教價值觀,與社會文化風氣相關,也與他們自己的人生體驗相關.
Basing on the materials collected in the Hung-ming chi (the Collection of Highlighting),this paper makes a investigation of important events of Chinese Buddhism during the period (184 ~ 265) from the later Han Dynasty to the Northern and Southern Dynasties. In the paper,the three issues are discussed:the status of the Buddhism in the period of the later Han Dynasty and the Three
Kingdoms; Some controversies in the period of the Southern Dynasties; the Buddhist status in the period (317~479) of Jin & Song Dynasties. As for Buddhism in the Three-Kingdoms period,this demonstrates that Buddhism has no longer clung to the indigenous beliefs such as Taoism and other worships, yet it had to make its theoretical exegeses with the help of the Xuan-xue (a metaphysics hybridizing Confucian and Taoist teachings). In regard with the controversies
concerning Buddhism in the Jin & Song Dynasties period,the paper holds that the materials in the Hung-ming chi provides us two fundamental issues:
one is about the Yi-xa-zhi-bian (How to Make Distinction Between Chinese Tradition and Barbarism) and the Ben-mo-zhi-bian (Whatever is the Root of Chinese Culture); the other one is whether the soul is eternal or not. The former involves the integration of Buddhist culture and inherent culture in China, and eventually leads to the interest in the ontology of the Chinese
philosophy; the latter deals with the very a critical presupposition for Buddhism and any religions in their theology. The great controversy in this period finally solved the theoretical problem at least to most the Chinese folk and hardly anyone doubted the soul exists eternally since then. As for the Buddhist status in the same period,three layers can be found among its
believers:the emperor and people in his palace; the literati and the folk people in society. The Theoretical form of Buddhism is mainly concerned with both the literati's personal experiences and the social atmosphere
they lived in.
ISSN10177132 (P)
Created date1999.08.25
Modified date2017.06.20

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