Site mapAbout usConsultative CommitteeAsk LibrarianContributionCopyrightCitation GuidelineDonationHome        

CatalogAuthor AuthorityGoogle
Search engineFulltextScripturesLanguage LessonsMuseumLinks
Bookmark and Share

Extra service
禪定課程與通識教育 -- 以教材與教學之研究為主=Meditation Courses and General Education: On Teaching Materials and Instruction Research
Author 釋惠敏 (著)=Shih, Hui-min (au.)
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type其他=Others
Note執行機構:國立藝術學院共同科,計畫編號:NSC83-0111-S119-002-G,研究期間:82年08月 ~ 83年07月
Keyword禪定課程=Meditation Course; 通識教育=General Education; 教材=Teaching Material; 教學=Instruction
(7)美國的「禪定與教育」,對禪定的認識過於簡化,大部分實驗中僅以由文獻中所找到的禪定方法製成錄音帶,來指導受試者禪修,對各種不同禪定系統之整體,其了解並不深入; 同時也忽略指導者與學習者之互動,這也許是為何TM在實驗中效果最大之因,因TM在美國已培養了許多師資。

The Cravakabhhmi Chapter of the Yogacarabhumi establishes contemplating and calming as the basic models for concentrating in meditation instruction, arising from the distinction between the meditative image, which is "attended with reflection" or "devoid of reflection". General cognitive experience and extraordinary Meditation experience is unified by "alambana". In this way, Cravakabhumi provides the material for general courses in meditation by the idea of "the universal meditative object".
Three levels of meditation courses may be established according to the meditative object, but the core material is, nevertheless, the revolting object,objects of friendliness, and objects of mindfulness on breathing.
Students of meditation should first establish a moral consciousness, maintaining at all times and in all places in their everyday lives correct thoughts, correct knowledge. Staying away from bad friends and reading material, and keeping close to worthy friends and good reading material. They should learn which Disturbances to their serenity are external in source, and which are internal. This is closely related to the goal of general education to help the students establish moral concepts and correct living habits. The instructor should select a meditation object (alambana) appropriate for each student's natural tendencies. This object is Generally chosen by observing the student's breathing, or by finding an object: hat the student mar think about to curb and sublimate his ego. Two basic types may be distinguished, the image attended with Reflection and devoid of reflection. The latter is appropriate for" calming the mind", the former for "contemplating wisdom". These help the student recognize his own body and mind, and reach the goal. Of general education to "Know thyself". By the mutual interaction between the bodily and mental tranquility and concentration, one can accomplish the transmutation of bodily and mental basis. The Course begins with concentration, continues by clarifying the mind, and concludes with enlightening the mind. This provides and excellent reference for designing courses in adult education.
Research in meditation began in the West in 1920's, and became popular in the 1960's. Most research done before the 1960's was general in nature. After the 1960's, work diversified, and specialized works increased in number. This trend has been influenced especially by Suzuki, from, and Maslow, and has even lento the establishment of Transpersonal psychology, or so-called" fourth psychology". In the United States, research in meditation and education has been marred by shallow knowledge of meditation. Most of their research consists of recording the meditative methods found in books, and playing the tapes to direct the participants in meditation. Most researchers lack deep knowledge of the entirety of Different meditative systems. They also neglect the interaction between instructor and student. This may explain why TM is the most effective in experiments, because TM has already developed many Teachers in the United States.
Created date2000.12.07
Modified date2020.11.24

Best viewed with Chrome, Firefox, Safari(Mac) but not supported IE


You are leaving our website for The full text resources provided by the above database or electronic journals may not be displayed due to the domain restrictions or fee-charging download problems.

Record correction

Please delete and correct directly in the form below, and click "Apply" at the bottom.
(When receiving your information, we will check and correct the mistake as soon as possible.)

Serial No.

Search History (Only show 10 bibliography limited)
Search Criteria Field Codes
Search CriteriaBrowse