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佛教慈善事業的一個範例 : 慈濟整治印尼紅溪河之成效與意義=One Example of Buddhist Charitable Organizations : The Success and Meaning of T'zu-chi's Work in Indonesia
Author 釋昭慧 (著)=Shih, Chao-hui (au.)
Source 法光學壇=Dharma Light Lyceum
Volumen.7
Date2003
Pages1 - 26
Publisher法光佛教文化研究所=Fa-kuang Institute of Buddhist Studies
Publisher Url http://fakuang.org.tw/
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Keyword慈濟=Tzu Chi
Abstract本文介紹慈濟在印尼雅加達與官方協力整治紅溪河,並為河畔之拆遷戶建築大愛村,復與台灣農委會合作,在印尼發放五萬噸大米。進而綜論整治印尼紅溪河計劃之意義如下:
一、鼓勵布施以達成財富的良性分配:印尼慈濟讓躬自參與的富人,能親身感受雪中送炭的無限溫情,讓布施者本身由此而更體現了生命意義與生命價值。
二、化解宗教隔閡:印尼出現幾番排華暴動與恐怖爆炸案,但印尼慈濟華人不以慈善為手段來趁機傳教,反而還在大愛村為居民建設清真寺,這種來自佛法無我智慧的寬廣心量,成就的是「以包容來替代對立,以大愛來化解仇恨」的東方文明。
三、化解種族仇恨:印尼屢有排華暴動,然而本次慈濟華人的善行,已獲得印尼官方的重視與民間的友誼,這對印華社會與馬來人族群的和解,實具足指標性的意義。
四、宗教團體與官方合作之社福範例:本次紅溪河整治計劃,先由慈濟發現問題,提供解決方案,一方面提供民間資源,一方面尋求政府協助,以協力合作,根治問題。此係官方與民間合作的社福範例。
「權利」導向的思考,原是為了確保社會福利服務之提供,但須輔以布施者「無私」與受施者「感恩」的兩大要素。以此而言,慈濟團體已創造一種「以感恩論替代權利論」的新觀念。

The present paper introduces the work done by T'zu-chi in Jakarta, where the organization regulated with the support of the Indonesian authorities the Red River, built“Great Love Village”for resettled families, and distributed 50 000 tons of rice in cooperation with Taiwanese farmer associations. The meaning of the river regulation work is comprehensively dis-
cussed as follows:
1) Charity was encouraged in order to achieve a positive distribution of wealth: The Indonesian branch of T'zu-chi enabled the rich who joined the project in person to experience the boundless warmth of helping people in need and to demonstrate to an even greater degree the meaning and value of life.
2) Boundaries between different religions were overcome: There have been several incidents of anti-Chinese disturbances and terrorist bombings in Indonesia. Nevertheless the Chinese members of the Indonesian branch of T'zu-chi did not use their charitable work as a means to propagate their own religion. Quite the contrary, they even built a mosque in“Great Love Village.”This broadness of mind came from the Buddhist wisdom of egolessness and accomplished Eastern civilization which“supplants conflict through acceptance and resolves hatred by way of great love.”
3) Hatred between different races was resolved: Anti-Chinese disturbances have been repeatedly taken place in Indonesia. However, the Indonesian government has paid attention to this welfare activity by Chinese T'zu-chi members and it furthered friendship among the populace showing a way for peaceful conflict resolution between the Chinese community in Indonesia and the Malay people. Herein lies its meaning.
4) It was a model for social welfare achieved through the cooperation between religious organizations and the government: In the case of the plan to regulate the Red River, the problem was first discovered by T'zu-chi which suggested a solution, on one hand offering sources from the side of the public, on the other hand trying to get the support of the government so that the problem could be solved once and for all through cooperation. This provided a model for social welfare achieved through the cooperation between the government and the public.
Thinking in terms of“rights”aims at guaranteeing social services, but it has to be supported by the“selflessness”of the donors and the“gratitude” of those who receive benefits. Looked at it from this angle, the T'zu-chi organisation did succeed in establishing the new concept of“supplanting the theory of rights with the theory of gratitude.”
Hits1013
Created date2004.08.06
Modified date2017.08.24



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