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民國百年民間宗教與新興宗教研究回顧=A Review of Folklore and Derivation Religion During A Century of Republic of China
Author 鄭志明 (著)=Cheng, Chih-ming (au.)
Source 成大宗教與文化學報=Journal of Religion and Culture of National Cheng Kung University
Volumen.18
Date2012.07
Pages1 - 44
Publisher國立成功大學中國文學系宗教與文化研究室
Publisher Url http://zhncku.med.ncku.edu.tw/buddhism/list.php
Location臺南市, 臺灣 [Tainan shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者為輔仁大學宗教學系教授
Keyword民國百年=republic of china’s centennial; 民間信仰=worshipping community; 民間教派; 新興宗教=religion derivation; 學術研究=academia studies
Abstract從大陸時期到解嚴之前,民間信仰往往被視為俗民的迷信文化,只有少數的民俗學者與人類學者,延續著西方的學術傳承進行田野調查。解嚴以後,在政治開放的格局下逐漸形成蓬勃發展的學術領域,在神明、寺廟、祭祀、通神、教義等宗教面向都有豐碩的成果,建構出民間信仰足與其他宗教相媲美的宗教體系。整體來說,民間教派與新興宗教的研究,仍集中於少數學者及其所指導的研究生,研究的成果也很難普及推廣,這一類的學術作品也不易獲得出版商的青睞,無法有效地累積與開創出新的研究領域。加上「新興宗教」的語意不明與定義不清的情況下,不同的學科很難形成交集性的研究領域,比如歷史學者關注於民間教派,社會學者關注於新興宗教,雙方似乎只能處於各說各話的階段,未來如何進行科際合作與有效整合,是學界務必完成的一大工程。本文在前人的研究基礎上,綜觀主要研究者及學術與出版機構的貢獻,由於篇幅的關係,無法進行全面性與微觀性的探討。

From 1912 to the enactment of martial law, the faith of the average person is often seen as just a superstitious culture, and only a few folklore historians and sociologists have used a western-styled research and previous studies to commit to field research. After martial law, the government slowly developed a new structure for this field by expanding deities, temples, worship, and teachings and all aspects of religious culture. As a result, the construction of the average person’s belief compared to other religions was much more structured and developed. In general, the different religions and the new religious research have not been studied much, and for those who have studied this field, the results have not been widely circulated to the masses. This particular field of study has also experienced a difficult time of being publishable material, and thus curbs the ability of the field to grow and expand with new research. This derivation of the old religion is seen as confusing to the public, its definition unclear, and different fields all have the same problem of coming together to form cohesive research results. For example, the historians concentrate on the average worshipping community, while sociologists focus on the religion itself, both sides seem to only put forward their own ideas, and are unable to collaborate, and only the cooperation of these two sectors will result in the continuation of this academic field. Without the combined contribution of previous researchers, academics, and the publishing community, it would be impossible to proceed to study this field in scope or range.
Table of contents一、前言 3
二、1949 年以前兩岸民間宗教研究回顧 4
三、1949 年以後台灣民間信仰研究回顧 10
四、1949 年以後台灣民間教派研究回顧 25
五、1949 年以後台灣新興宗教研究回顧 30
六、結論 42
ISSN18136400 (P); 18136400 (E)
Hits548
Created date2013.07.22
Modified date2017.08.15



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