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雪浪洪恩初探 ── 兼題東京內閣文庫所藏「谷響錄」=A Preliminary Examination of the Thought and Works of Xue-lang-hong-en
Author 廖肇亨 (著)=Liao, Chao-heng (au.)
Source 漢學研究=Chinese Studies
Volumev.14 n.2
Pages35 - 57
Publisher Url
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword雪浪洪恩; 谷響錄; 華嚴宗; 禪宗; 憨山德清
Abstract明末高僧雪浪洪恩,今之學界對其之重視遠不及明末四大師。然而雪浪洪恩在明 末吳越一帶的影響力極大,本文希望從文化史的角度,對雪浪洪恩進行初步的了解,並加以 適當的定位。雪浪洪恩論學不喜淨土(宋代以後極為罕見),其治學有兩大特色:一是掃除 訓詁、直提本文;二是編輯《相宗八要》。前者受當時禪宗與左派王學影響,後者與明末逐 漸興起重視文獻的思潮有關。其又精於詩道,甚至注意到戲劇與佛法的關係,在雪浪洪恩的 例子上,可以看出晚明的學術風氣到文藝思潮在佛教叢林的具體展現。本文分為四部分:一 、生平考略;二、雪浪洪恩論學特色;三、雪浪洪恩的文藝觀;四、就東京內閣文庫藏雪浪 洪恩著《谷響錄》一書加以題錄,冀能對理解雪浪洪恩的學風與歷史地位有所助益。

Although it cannot be said that Xue-lang-hong-en (雪浪洪恩), one of the greatest priests in the late Ming, has never been noticed by scholors, he has been considered far below the four greatest priests of that time. But yet, he did have an enormous influence on Buddhism in the Yangtze River delta. This article primarily provides fundamental research on Xue-lang-hong-en and evaluates him from a history-of-culture viewpoint.
Two explicit concepts exist about Xue-lang-hong-en. First, he personally explained the Sutra by himself rather than depend on notes and already existing utterances. In addition, his dislike of the Jing-tu (淨土) school of thought was a rare sight after the Sung dynasty. He also edited a total of eight canons which later became the main body of texts for the Wei-Shi (唯識) school. The former illustrates his being closed to Zen thought, which was very popular at that time, while the latter reveals the ascending popularity of stressing the importance of Buddhist texts.
Second, Xue-lang-hong-en excelled at poetry, as did many of his pupils. He even paid great attention to drama and lectured on the relationship between it and Buddhism. His example allows us to understand the intricacy between the arts and Buddhism of the late Ming.
This article consists of four main parts: (1) an introduction of Xue-lang-hong-en's life; (2) the features of his theories; (3) his discourse on literature and art; and (4) an introduction of a rare copy of his Ku-xiang-lu《谷響錄》
stored in the Naigaku Library in Tokyo. With this article, I hope to enlighten scholars of the particularities of Xue-lang-hong-en's life and thought.
ISSN02544466 (P); 02544466 (E)
Created date2015.10.29
Modified date2019.12.17

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