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第一等偷懶沙門 -- 雪嶠圓信與明末清初的禪宗=The Idlest Monk: Xueqiao Yuanxin (雪嶠圓信) and the Chan School in the Transition between Ming and Qing
Author 廖肇亨 (著)=Liao, Chao-heng (au.)
Source 東華漢學
Volumen.1
Date2003.02.01
Pages229 - 259
Publisher東華大學中國語文學系
Location花蓮縣, 臺灣 [Hualien hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Keyword雪嶠圓信; 密雲圓悟; 明末清初; 禪宗; 詩僧
Abstract雪嶠圓信是明末清初著名的詩僧,同時也是臨濟宗的重鎮。可惜除了當年陳垣《清初僧諍記》之外,幾乎已完全淡出於研究者的記憶之外,本文意在經由破碎凌亂的史料之重新拼湊,嘗試構築雪嶠圓信的歷史圖像與相關的文化脈絡。
雪嶠圓信的詩作甚受當時批評家的青睞,復為當時臨濟宗耆宿龍池幻有之付法弟子,與當時震動一時的密雲圓悟為同門,然而兩人之間頗有齟齬,至死未休。明清之際的禪林,由於密雲圓悟門下勢焰極盛,是以雪嶠圓信終身亦多不遂,反與曹洞宗(特別是覺浪道盛)建立緊密的友誼。另外他為了與密雲圓悟節頡頏,特別標榜雲門宗旨,一度想依此開宗立派,由於種種主客觀條件的限制,雪嶠圓信最終未能如願,而選擇了回歸臨濟宗的傳統之下,以興復臨濟宗綱自任。
本文側重於歷史層面的討論,然而雪嶠圓信牽涉的文化問題極為廣泛。例如:(一)叢林好尚文藝之風(二)門庭諍闘角力之狀(三)傳統經典的詮解與認識(四)面對價值衝突時,個人選擇過程之際心理衝突的起滅。經由雪嶠圓信此一歷史圖像的構築,期能對當時的禪林事相與文化心態提供更多理解與認識的門徑。

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Created date2015.10.29



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