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The Chinese Buddhist Cultus: Common Public Rituals in PRC Monasteries Today=中國的佛事場域 -- 中華人民共和國佛寺常見的大眾儀式
Author Gildow, Douglas
Source The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies=中華佛學學報
Volumev.27
Date2014.07
Pages59 - 127
PublisherChung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies=中華佛學研究所
Publisher Url http://www.chibs.edu.tw/ch_html/index_ch00.html
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
Keyword佛教儀式=Buddhist ritual; 法會=Dharma assembly; 中華人民共和國的佛教=PRC Buddhism; 佛教場域=ritual field; 年度佛事安排=Buddhist ritual schedule
Abstract幾個世紀以來,在中國佛教中儀式的舉行是最普遍、最複雜、最具爭議和經濟效益的活動之一。本文聚焦在中華人民共和國的「法會」,來描述當代中國佛教「儀式場域」的輪廓。從2009至2013年間一些寺院的公告與行事曆,可知舉行了那些法會與其行銷方式。本文分析其中的一些法會舉行的時間、頻率和與年度節慶的特定關係,並且將這些法會做了進一步的歸類。最後,本文探討儀式活動與商業活動、寺院收入與佛學院的關係。本文所使用的六篇公告與行事曆,含註解的譯文與中文原稿皆放在附錄中。

For centuries the performance of rituals has been one of the most common, complex, remunerative, and controversial activities in Chinese Buddhism. This article lays out the contours of the contemporary Chinese Buddhist “ritual field,” focusing on rituals called “Dharma assemblies” (fahuiġ 法會) in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Based on a selection of announcements and ritual schedules posted in monasteries during 2009-2013, I show which rituals are performed and how they are marketed. I also show when and how frequently certain rituals linked to the annual cycle of festivals are performed, and analyze and suggest categorization schemas for the rituals. Finally, I discuss the relationships between ritual activities on the one hand and commercial activity, monastic revenue, and seminary studies on the other. Annotated translations of six announcements and ritual schedules, followed by transcriptions of the source Chinese texts for these translations, are included in the appendixes.
Table of contentsIntroduction to the Translated Texts 63
Rituals Listed in the Translated Texts 64
Categorization of the Rituals 66
Analysis of Broader Contexts 72
Selection and Representativeness of the Translated Texts 72
Other Common Ritual Goods and Services 80
Summary and Discussion of the Broader Relevance of Buddhist Ritual Life to Monasticism 84
Appendix 1: Translated Texts 92
Appendix 2: Chinese Source Texts 114
ISSN23132000 (P); 23132019 (E)
Hits153
Created date2016.07.06
Modified date2018.09.04



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