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The Buddha from Dol Po and His Fourth Council of the Buddhist Doctrine
Author Stearns, Cyrus R. (著)
Source Dissertation Abstracts International
Volumev.57 n.7 Section A
PublisherProQuest LLC
Publisher Url
LocationAnn Arbor, MI, US [安娜堡, 密西根州, 美國]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
InstitutionUniversity of Washington
AdvisorKuijp, Leonard van der
Publication year1996
KeywordTibetan Literature, 1300-1399; Dol Po Pa Ses Rab Rgyal Mtshan; Prose; Treatment of Emptiness; Relationship to Buddhism
AbstractIn the history of Buddhism in Tibet there have been many exceptional teachers, but none more controversial than the Jo nang pa master Dol po pa Shes rab rgyal mtshan (1292-1361). In his writings, Dol po pa emphasized two definitions of the meaning of emptiness. The first is an emptiness of self-nature (rang stong), which he applied only to the level of conventional truth. The second is an emptiness of other phenomena (gzhan stong), which he applied only to the level of ultimate truth, which he insisted was not empty of self-nature.

Chapter 1 of this dissertation is a discussion of Dol po pa's life. This is based upon a recently published Tibetan biography of Dol po pa, and another unpublished manuscript biography, both by direct disciples who witnessed much of what they described.

Chapter 2 discusses the earlier Tibetan precedents for the gzhan stong, Dol po pa's unique use of language, and the major influences on his development of the gzhan stong theory. The fate of the Jo nang pa tradition after Dol po pa is described, as well as the importance of some later adherents to the gzhan stong view.

Chapter 3 is a discussion of Dol po pa's view of the nature of absolute reality as empty of phenomena other than itself (gzhan stong), and of the relative as empty of self-nature (rang stong). In connection with these ideas, there is also a discussion of Dol po pa's attempt to deconstruct the orthodox views of Cittamatra and Madhyamaka in Tibet, and his own definition of what constituted the tradition of the Great Madhyamaka. Finally, there is a brief presentation of two opposing views of what actually brings about enlightenment.

The translation of The Fourth Council (Bka' bsdu bzhi pa) in Chapter 4 is the first translation of a major work by Dol po pa. This text was composed in the last years of Dol po pa's life, and may be viewed as a final verse summation of his ideas. Dol po pa's own synopsis of the work is included here with the translation, and annotations are largely drawn from his autocommentary.
Created date2016.09.12
Modified date2022.04.14

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