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論身念處「四威儀」養生法 ── 以「風界」特性改善姿勢性疼痛之應用為例=Four-Comportment Fitness Programme of Kaya Mindfulness: Taking the Application of ‘Wind Element’ to Relieve Postural Aches as an Example
Author 釋性廣 (著)=Shih, Shing-kuang (au.)
Source 玄奘佛學研究=Hsuan Chuang Journal of Buddhism
Volumen.31
Date2019.03
Pages157 - 224
Publisher玄奘大學宗教學研究所
Publisher Url http://ird.hcu.edu.tw/front/bin/home.phtml
Location新竹市, 臺灣 [Hsinchu shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者為玄奘大學宗教與文化學系兼任副教授
Keyword身念處=Kaya Mindfulness; 風界=Wind Element; 佛教養生學=Buddhist Healthcare; 肌筋膜=Muscle Fascia
Abstract 筆者溯源佛教典籍,活用「四大調和」與「身念處」的修行概念,以佛教「身念處」中姿勢的「四威儀」、呼吸的「持息念」與色身的「四界觀」,設計一套簡易具體的健身療病養生功法。此功法經過一段時間的練習操作後,許多學員在身體的疼痛方面得到顯著改善的效果。
此功法是應用「四大」之特性:「地界」是其它三界之依靠與基礎,「火界」之熱暖、「水界」之流動、「風界」的支撐與推動,分別都在代表「地界」的骨骼、肌肉與內臟等臟器中起作用。身體處於靜態時,「風界」的表現為「支撐」,例如:肌肉筋膜的張力或拉力。動態運作時需先有支撐,才能有「推動」的作用。「風界」在作用時推動「水界」的流動與「火界」熱暖的上升,使得「地界」的緊繃、僵硬、粗糙等地大現象得到舒緩,轉為「四大調和」之象。
在佛教對物質特性的理論基礎之上,本文進一步應用「風界」之特性與作用推動身體四大調和,運用現代西方醫學之解剖學及肌筋膜的知識概念為輔助性的學理依據,說明「風界」如何在人體上產生作用。最後,筆者透過教學實證所得到的成果,提出因練習功法而使得姿勢性疼痛獲得改善之實際案例為佐證。

The author extensively consulted Buddhist scriptures and used concepts of four element harmony and kaya (body) mindfulness to create a simple practical fitness programme with the aim to reduce physical aches. The practice employs from Buddhist kaya mindfulness, which includes tools of the four comportments-(controlled movement and behavior), body mindfulness, breathing mindfulness, and meditation on the four elements (earth, water, fire and air). After a period of practice, many students have achieved significant improvements to relieve body aches.
By applying the characteristics of the four elements, the programme alleviates tension, rigidity and roughness of the earth element and furthers the blending of the four elements. The earth element is the basis and foundation of the other three elements. The warmth of the fire element, the flow of the water element and the support and promotion of the wind element influence bones, muscles and internal organs of the earth element. When the body is in a static state, the wind element supports the tension (push and pull) of the fascia (fibrous connective tissue) around the muscles. During a dynamic operation, the body requires support before it can achieve a pushing activity. The wind element promotes the flow of the water element and the conversion of the fire element into heat during the exercise. This recovers the earth element and balances the four elements harmoniously.
Based on the Buddhist theory of material properties, the article further characterizes and analyses the function of the wind element in promoting the four elements for body harmony. By applying the modern Western medical knowledge of muscle fascia, the article explores the effect of the wind element on the human body. As a result of personal experiences from practical teaching, the author provides real-life cases in support of the effectiveness of successful utilisation of the practice programme to remedy postural pain.
Table of contents一、前言 197
二、物質的原理與特性─地水火風 197
三、養生第一功─姿勢端正 201
(一)佛經中闡示之身念處「四威儀」 201
(二)「姿勢」與「中軸肌筋膜」 203
四、「風界」改善姿勢性疼痛之原理 209
(一)姿勢性疼痛之成因 209
(二)「風界」之「撐」與「推」作用 211
五、案例解析 212
六、結語 217



ISSN18133649 (P); 18133649 (E)
Hits11
Created date2020.03.23
Modified date2020.03.23



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