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總統神豬祭祀風波報導與批判之深層探索 — 兼述原民「殺豬觀摩教學」,考察事件始末、爭議焦點與問題癥結=Deep Exploration of the Aftermath of Shen-zhu (Sacrifice Gigantic Pig): And Examination of the Aboriginals' "Emulating Killing Pigs as Teaching," Considering Its Beginning and the Subsequence of this Event, the Focus of the Issue, and the Crux of the Problem
Author 釋昭慧 (著)=Shih, Chao-hwei (au.)
Source 玄奘佛學研究=Hsuan Chuang Journal of Buddhism
Volumen.11
Date2009.03
Pages111 - 187
Publisher玄奘大學宗教學研究所
Publisher Url http://ird.hcu.edu.tw/front/bin/home.phtml
Location新竹市, 臺灣 [Hsinchu shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者為玄奘大學宗教學系教授兼系主任
Keyword客族義民節=Hakkha Yi-min Festival; 神豬=Shen-zhu (Sacrifice Gigantic Pig); 尊重生命=respect for life; 人類沙文主義=Anthropocentrism; 倫理相對主義=Ethical relativism; 動物保護=animal protection; 本土文化=local culture; 普世價值=the common value; 創意神豬=ingenious Sacrifice Gigantic Pig; 尊重多元=respect for pluralism
Abstract 本文針對二○○三年暑假期間所發生的原住民部落大學「殺豬教學觀摩」,以及客族義民節的「總統神豬祭」,回顧事件始末,並一一作後續的「詮釋分析」(interpretative analysis),依「佛教倫理學」的思考方式,探索各種糾結的觀點,背後所隱藏的價值觀;並就筆者能力之所及,探索事件背後的政治意圖與權力操作,及其在台灣社會所產生的實質影響。
整個事件的發展,不外乎是政治利益、面子問題與觀念衝突這三個面向的糾結交錯。
觀念衝突,諸如「尊重生命」與「尊重多元」、「本土文化」與「普世價值」、「爾愛其羊」與「我愛其禮」、「人權」與「主權」之細膩論證,原本是一個檢視護生價值與傳統文化價值,並尋求對話與溝通的良機。
然而受到政治利益與面子問題的非理性因素干擾,論者往往就會落入情緒,施以種種人身攻擊,卒至形成貼標籤、扣帽子的政治惡鬥,形成兩派媒體與文人隔空相罵的效應。關鍵在於「非友即敵,非綠即藍」的兩極化思維,已成為台灣政壇的常態。政治力量即時介入、操盤,意圖收割利益,於是將它刻意導向族群情結。而族群激憤的情緒,多半也來自面子問題。
學者之中也有人認為,這種對立未嘗不是刺激改革的動力。無論如何,民間有人自發地用水果裝扮的豬公取代神豬,代表著自發性的改革力量還是存在。

This article traces to the beginning and subsequence of the event happened in the summer of 2003, “Learning and Emulating Killing Shen-zhu” held by Aboriginal Tribal University and “Killing Shen-zhu” in Hakkha Yi-min Festival. This article is analyzed in Buddhist Ethics thinking perspective, exploring any possible interwoven viewpoints, and hidden values and political intent and power operation behind the event and its actual impact on the society of Taiwan.
The development of the whole event is interwoven with the political interests, the reputation, and the conflict of viewpoints.
Conflict of viewpoints, such as respect for life, respect for pluralism, local culture, the common value, you desire your sheep and I desire my rites, minute discourse of the human rights and sovereignty, is a good chance to examine the value of protecting life, the value of the traditional culture, and to seek for conversation and communication.
While interfered with the irrational factors such as political interests and the problems of reputation, critics usually state in an emotional, personal attack, and finally put a label on others in a hard political fight and cause media and literati to condemn each other in the air. The key point is the logic of dichotomy, “If you are not my friend, you are my enemy; if you are not a political party in office, you are an opposition party” while this logic is becoming the pattern of Taiwan political groups. The political power intervenes in time, and handles it, intending to gain profit, so the political power directs it to race issue. But the excited emotion of race mostly comes from the face problem.
Some of the scholars think this opposition is also the power to stimulate revolution. However, people voluntarily use fruits to substitute for the real sacrifice gigantic pig, representing the voluntarily revolutionary force still exists.
Table of contents一、前言 115
二、原住民殺豬教學觀摩事件 117
(一)事件緣起 117
(二)爭議焦點 119
1. 動保觀點:血腥殺豬,比賄選嚴重 119
2. 原住民觀點的回應 122
(1) 陳義過高論 122
(2) 文化習俗論 122
(3) 原漢意識論 124
3. 檢視回應內容 125
(三)後續發展 126
三、「總統神豬祭」事件 127
(一)事件緣起 127
(二)為豬請命第一波 131
1. 昭慧撰文:「刀下請留總統豬」 131
2. 陳玉峰回應:「總統難為,騎豬難下」 133
(三)爭議焦點之一:事實部分 136
(四)爭議焦點之二:觀念部分 138
1. 反對神豬祭的其他論述觀點 138
(1) 飼養神豬浪費奢侈 138
(2) 不良習俗應予改革 139
(3) 違反自然、環保、衛生、健康 140
(4) 移風易俗總統有責 141
(5) 神豬飼養與宰殺殊不人道 142
(6) 因果報應論 143
2. 支持神豬祭的論述觀點 144
(1) 回應「浪費」之論,認係「清貧」思想 144
(2) 文化習俗不容干預 144
(3) 反對「複製男權意識形態」之說 145
(4) 要尊重宗教主權 146
(5) 污辱客家族群 147
(6) 雙重標準與「逢扁必反」 148
(7) 戒殺說法陳義過高 151
(五)主管機關的回應 153
(六)和事佬的折中方案 153
1. 改變神豬的評比方式 154
2. 經由神意改變祭祀方式 154
3. 以素供替代牲祭 154
(七)「總統豬」的最後下場 155
1. 參不參賽? 155
2. 宰不宰殺? 156
3. 獻不獻祭? 156
4. 宰殺過程 157
5. 獻祭名義 157
6. 轟傳國際 158
(八)總統一席話再掀波濤 159
(九)神豬事件,政治味濃 160
1. 綠營進退失據,藍營前倨後恭 160
2. 基於勝選考量,犧牲社運理想 164
三、回應倫理相對主義 164
1. 「本土文化」與「尊重多元」 164
(1) 超政治圖騰 165
(2) 超族群意識 166
(3) 非關宗教之爭 166
(4) 文化舊慣宜汰泊存精 167
(5) 「尊重多元」應以「尊重生命」作為前提 167
2. 文化上「不干涉內政論」的迷思 168
四、結論 169
(一)問題癥結 169
1. 政治利益 169
2. 面子問題 170
3. 觀念衝突 171
(二)良性效應 171
1. 以「創意神豬」替代肉食神豬 172
2. 總統國宴更改食材 174
3. 神豬減肥,改為肉豬 175
(三)結語 175



ISSN18133649 (P); 18133649 (E)
Hits15
Created date2020.03.31
Modified date2020.03.31



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