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評議《大毘婆沙論》之性別觀=Critiques of the Gender Issue in Abhidharma Mahāvibhāṣā Śāstra
Author 釋悟殷 =Shih, Wu-yin
Source 法印學報=Journal of Dharma Seals
Volumen.7
Date2016.10
Pages31 - 62
Publisher財團法人弘誓文教基金會
Location桃園縣, 臺灣 [Taoyuean hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者:玄奘大學宗教與文化學系助理教授、佛教弘誓學院研究部教師
Author: Assistant Professor, Department of Religion and Culture, Hsuan Chuang University; Teacher of Buddhist Hongshi College
Keyword女眾出家=bhikkhunis; 正法久住=Dharma’s forever lasting; 婆沙論=Abhidharma Mahāvibhāṣā Śāstra; 大丈夫=manliness; 比丘尼身影=nuns’ figures
Abstract佛陀在世時,佛的姨母摩訶波闍波提出家之後,僧團中有了比丘、比丘尼等男女二眾。在三藏教典中,經藏與律藏記載著許多秀異的比丘尼在聞思修證中有卓越的成績,不僅證果者不計其數,更在各各領域中都有特殊成就,世尊讚譽有加。然而,阿毘達磨論藏中,有關「比丘尼」的訊息卻極為稀少,中國取經僧的旅印見聞錄,對比丘尼的記載也是驚鴻一瞥而已。比丘尼哪裡去了?本文的撰作,即在尋找她們的身影。
首先,從理論的邏輯檢視──「女眾出家」與「正法久住」的關係,探討正法住世與毀滅的原因,並從正法滅亡的歷史事件中所透露的訊息,說明正法是否久住是每位佛弟子的責任,片面指責或歸罪一方,都是一種意識形態。其次,從比丘尼身影的經典陳述與現實落差中,搜尋《婆沙論》主轉述經典中的比丘尼身影、中國取經僧所見的比丘尼身影,說明在論主的視線下當時的比丘尼銷聲匿跡了。

While Shakyamuni Buddha was alive, his maternal aunt Mahāprajāpatī Gautamī (摩訶波闍波提) entered the Buddhist monastic system (出家) as the first bhikkhuni. Then, the Buddhist Sangha started a renewal, which means the Sangha of bhikkhus and bhikkhunis have been made unified since then. Among the Tripitaka (or The Buddhist Canons 三藏教典) are a great number of bhikkhunis, who were not only prominent at hearing, contemplating, cultivating, and realizing the Buddha’s teachings (聞思修證) but also attained full enlightenment. At that time, they were so distinguished at every field that the Buddha paid a great deal of compliment on them. However, in the Abhidharmapiṭaka (阿毘達 磨論藏), there was little information about “the Buddhist nuns”. Meanwhile, there were still few records about them in the Chinese monks who went on a pilgrimage for Buddhist scriptures during their journeys to India. Where on earth have the bhikkhunis gone? The present paper aims at searching for their whereabouts.
Firstly, in the logical theory, this paper discusses the correlation between “bhikkhunis (女眾出家)” and “Dharma’s forever lasting (正法久住)” and the reasons why Dharma (正法) would either exist or expire. Besides, in the historical events about the Dharma’s extinction, this paper explains whether it is everyone’s responsibility to keep Dharma (正法) working and whether it is ideology (意識型態) when there is the blame on someone or some part of it. Secondly, from the classical statements and worldly discriminations about the nuns’ figures (身影) stated by the author of Abhidharma Mahāvibhāṣā Śāstra and seen by the Chinese sutra-exploring monks (取經僧), the reasons why the bhikkhunis were disappearing at the very time will be studied and explored here.
Table of contents一、前言 34
二、理論的邏輯檢視──「女眾出家」與「正法久住」 34
(一)正法 35
(二)論藏所記正法住世與毀滅之原因 38
(三)造成正法毀滅的歷史事件 41
(四)小結 44
三、比丘尼身影的經典陳述與現實落差 45
(一)論主轉述經典中的比丘尼身影 45
1、修證解脫 46
2、問答法義 47
3、大丈夫 49
4、捨壽自在 51
5、間接圓滿彌勒金色相 53
(二)取經僧所見的比丘尼身影 53
(三)論主視線下,比丘尼銷聲匿跡 57
四、結語 58
ISSN22241299 (P)
Hits8
Created date2020.06.11



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