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佛教經典智慧與廿一世紀的人類文明 ── 以《金剛般若波羅蜜經》爲核心的展開
Author 林安梧
Source 似相非相見如來:2020夏荊山國際學術研討會=Perceiving Tathagata: Xia Jing Shan International Academic Seminar
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:慈濟大學宗教與人文研究所教授暨元亨書院院長。
Keyword覺性; 宗教; 真空; 文明; 和平; 現代性; 淨; 靜; 敬; 頓悟; 如是; 解脫
Abstract本文旨在結合《金剛般若波羅蜜經》之講授闡明佛教的基本義理,指出佛教經典智慧對廿一世紀人類文明,追求和平的可能貢獻。首先,透過儒道佛三教的對比,以彰顯佛教之基本義理。佛教重在澄念,强調通過「淨而無染」的修養功夫,以達于「我法二空」的自在之境。又以Paul Tillich和久松真一的對話爲楔子,强調東方是弱控制系統的文化脈絡,東方的宗教是「覺性的宗教」。東方之宗教重在回到存在之源,西方之宗教重在言說之論定。再者,佛教之要義在尋求「苦業之解脫」。佛教認爲生即是苦,萬法皆空,人當有觀空之智,方能生菩提之心。如何離苦得樂,入寂滅之境?「應無所住,而生其心」,亦即遣除我法二執。人有所執,便有所住,心有所執,便有所苦,惟證自性真空,方能頓悟妙有。以四句來概括《金剛經》便是「存在的空無,意識的透明,信仰的確定,實踐的如是」。最後,指出若能以般若觀空之智蕩相遣執,便能使如是之覺性開顯。佛教般若治療學可通過觀想除貪愛,調服我們的妄執之心。現代性社會若能使經典重新煥發生機,經由人類文明的對話,邁向和平。
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Created date2020.07.23



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