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宗教與「非家者」的交集 ─ 台灣宗教性慈善暨社福團體「遊民服務」之現況、瓶頸與展望=Intertwining Relationship Between Religion and Homeless Individuals—the Current Situation, Obstacles, and Prospects of the Homeless Service in Faith-based Charity and Social Welfare Organizations Across Taiwan
Author 釋昭慧
Source 新世紀宗教研究 
Volumev.17 n.2
Pages89 - 112
Publisher Url
Location臺北, 臺灣 [Taipei, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Note作者單位:玄奘大學宗教與文化學系教授兼系主任=Professor and Chairperson, Department of Religion and Culture, Hsuan Chuang University
Keyword非家者=the homeless; 遊民=street people; 人安社會福利基金會=Zenan Homeless Social Welfare Foundation; 竹蓮寺=Bamboo Lotus Temple; 恩友中心=Grace Home Church; 匠愛家園=Co-Life Home
本文先就宗教與「非家者」的交集,作一歷史性回顧,接著探討台 灣宗教性慈善暨社福團體對「弱勢非家者」(即遊民)的服務與輔導。初步歸納出如下三點結論:

The world’s religions have played a crucial role in providing care for the homeless since ancient times till today.
This paper first examines how religions have intertwined with the homeless from a historic perspective, then explores the way Taiwanese religious and social welfare institutions provide support and instructions for the “disadvantaged and homeless” (a.k.a. street people). Conclusive findings are presented as follows:
1. In Taiwan, religious organizations, which make it a point to practice beneficence and philanthropy, show more compassion and acceptance for street people. Some of these religious institutions provide food and drinking water to homeless individuals at fixed locations regularly. On the other hand, street people tend to ask for shelter in temples and churches.
When street people need help, they seek support from their relatives and friends, as well as social workers and religious people. Social workers can be found in government agencies and private organizations at the same time. Most of the leaders of private organizations have religious affiliations; some of these organizations are funded, supported, or even led by churches. On that account, faith-based social welfare or charity organizations established by religious leaders contribute a lot toward the service network for street people in Taiwan.
2. When it comes to permanent faith-based charity institutions in Taiwan, a majority of them are Christian and Buddhism organizations. Christian institutions have a tradition of dedicating themselves to provideing for the poor and homeless, which can be traced back to the Middle Ages. By comparison, the organizations based on the doctrines of Taoism, folk religion, or Buddhism have done much less in this regard.
3. Faith-based social welfare institutions have specific “religious beliefs;” hence, their managers, employees, and volunteers all have religious enthusiasm and a strong sense of commitment. The kind act of serving street people elevates the state of well-being for both the helper and recipient.
Table of contents壹、前言:「非家者」的類別 93
貳、台灣遊民現況與結構性因素 95
參、台灣的宗教性遊民服務機構 97
(一)基督宗教遊民救助機構範例之一:恩友中心 100
(二)基督宗教遊民救助機構範例之二:匠愛家園 101
(三)佛教遊民救助機構範例之一:竹蓮寺 102
(四)佛教遊民救助機構範例之二:東方琉璃光世界佛教會 103
肆、結論 104
Created date2020.11.23
Modified date2020.11.23

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