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論述天台智者大師的次第戒聖行 -- 十支戒
著者 陳英善 (著)=Cheng, Ying-shan (au.)
掲載誌 圓光佛學學報=Yuan Kuang Journal of Buddhist Studies
巻号創刊號
出版年月日1993.12
ページ139 - 160
出版者圓光佛學研究所=Yuan Kuang Buddhist College
出版サイト http://www.ykbi.edu.tw/
出版地桃園縣, 臺灣 [Taoyuean hsien, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese; 英文=English
キーワード天台宗; 智顗; 十支戒; 戒學; 次第戒
抄録本文是筆者《天台戒學與禪觀》(未出版) 中之一章節. 就天台智者對戒的看法而言,可分為兩方面:「十支戒」(指次第戒) 與圓頓戒 (又稱為圓戒,佛戒,絕待戒),本文則針對「十支戒」來加以探討.所謂「十支戒」,是指十種戒相之意,在諸經論中有許多種有關十種戒相的說法,而天台智者所採用「十支戒」,是《大般涅槃經》<聖行品> 中菩薩護他之「十支戒」,以及《大智度論》菩薩所念戒之內容. 本文主要分為四部份:(一) 「十支戒」之出處,(二)「十支戒」之涵義,(三) 「十支戒」之淺深,(四)「十支戒」之特色. 由於天台智者所引述經論之「十支戒」名稱與《大智度論》、《涅槃經》略有出入,故本文先就「十支戒」之出處加以釐清,進而於第二部份,論述「十支戒」之內涵. 再由「十支戒」的內涵配合凡聖之修持和天台四教 (藏,通,別,圓) 教理,論述「十支戒」之淺深不同,此為第三部份所處理內容. 最後,則透過天台智者之思想,以凸顯「十支戒」之特色,在於說明次第戒聖行. 然就圓頓觀行或實相教理而言,「十支戒」實乃應運眾生差別而說,就戒本身而言,莫不是圓頓戒,此才真正顯示戒之實相義. 而「十支戒」中次第戒聖行之圓教戒只是相待圓而已,仍未能真正顯示戒之實相義.

This paper is a chapter from this writer's book `Vinaya` Study and Ch'an Contemplation of the T'ien-tai-Sect (not yet in print). As regards to Chih-jah's opinions on precepts, it can be divided into two parts:ten precepts (referring to sequential precepts) and complete and immediate precepts (also known as complete precepts, Buddha precepts or incomparable precepts). This paper is specifically on the study of ten precepts.

What is known as "ten precepts" refers to the meaning of ten kinds of precept phenomena. In various `sutras` and `sastras` there are many explanations regarding ten kinds of precept phenomena. However,the ten precepts referred to by Chih-jah of the T'ien-tai Sect are the Bodhisattva-protecting-others' ten precepts from the "Chapter of Sagely Practice" of the `Mahaparinirvana Sutra`,and are also the contents of the Bodhisattva-upholding-precepts from the `Mahaprajna-paramita Sastra`.

This paper is primarily divided into four sections:1) the sources of ten precepts; 2) the intrinsic meaning of ten precepts; 3) the levels of ten precepts; and 4) the characteristic of ten precepts.

As the names of ten precepts which Chih-jah had coined from `sutras` and `sastras` are slightly different from those in the `Mahaprajna-paramita Sastra` and `Nirvana Sutra`,this paper first of all clarified the sources of ten precepts. Futhermore the second section explained the contents of ten precepts, and the third section elucidated on the different levels of ten precepts. Lastly,with the thoughts of Chih-jah of the T'ien-tai Sect,in highlighting the special features of ten precepts, explained the sagely practice of sequential precepts. However,speaking from the stance of complete and immediate contemplative practice and
the doctrine of reality,the ten precepts were actually spoken in response to the difference in sentient beings. As of the precepts themselves, they are really complete and immediate precepts. This in itself actually reveal the meaning of reality of the precepts. Moreover,in the ten precepts, the complete teaching precepts of the sagely practice of sequential precepts is merely a relative completion.
It still cannot really show the meaning of the reality of the precepts.
ISSN16086848 (P)
ヒット数901
作成日1998.07.22
更新日期2017.07.20



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