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從儒佛關係看韓愈、柳宗元與李翱
著者 牟鐘鑒
掲載誌 圓光佛學學報=Yuan Kuang Journal of Buddhist Studies
巻号創刊號
出版年月日1993.12
ページ201 - 220
出版者圓光佛學研究所=Yuan Kuang Buddhist College
出版サイト http://www.ykbi.edu.tw/
出版地桃園縣, 臺灣 [Taoyuean hsien, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese; 英文=English
キーワード韓愈; 柳宗元; 李翱; 排佛; 人性論
抄録唐代儒佛道三教合流己是大勢所趨,但在理論上佛強儒弱,故韓愈提倡復興儒學,以強固儒家的正統地位,但他未找到正確途徑,企圖通過排斥佛老來扶樹名教,這與他自幼受儒家薰陶,對佛教陌生有關,表現了儒佛間的隔閡和矛盾. 柳宗元主張儒佛融合,存其異而求其同,他對佛學和百家有深厚學識. 身處逆境後,更以佛學為精神依託,與不愛官不爭能的學僧為友,不贊成韓愈排佛,並探索儒佛會通的途徑,為儒學通過吸收佛學而發展的新出路,提供了啟示,代表了儒學和中國文化前進的主流,但他未能形專論予以說明. 李翱避免了韓柳各自的不足,作《復性書》,創造性地從哲學理論上授佛入儒,形成與佛教「見性成佛」,「無念為宗」相通的「去情復性」之說. 在唐代儒學向宋代理學的過渡中,韓愈指明儒學復興的必要性,提出了任務; 柳宗元指明儒學容納佛學的必要性,摸對了門徑; 李翱實際進行了儒學消融佛學的理論試探. 他們三人各從不同的角度,為宋代理學的興起,作了思想上的準備.

During the T'ang Dynasty,due to prevailing circumstances, there was an interflux between Confucianism,Buddhism and Taoism,but on the doctrinal aspect,Buddhism was strong and Confucianism was weak. Hence,Han-yu advocated the revival of Confucian studies in order to strengthen the traditional status of Confucianism. His approach was to discriminate against Buddhism and Taoism to uphold Confucianism. This antagonism had to do with him under the influence of Confucianists since an early age,and was unfamiliar with Buddhism. Lui Tzung-yuan advocated a union between Confucianism and Buddhism by stating their differences and discerning their similarities. He had an in-depth knowledge of Buddhist studies and Pai-chia (百家). After having lived through rough times, he even used Buddhist studies as his spiritual solace,and made friends with student monks who did not favour official position nor fought for competence. He disapproved of Han-yu's discrimination of Buddhism, and sought ways for mutual assimilation between Confuciansm and Buddhism. For the new direction which Confucian studies through assimilation of Buddhist studies had developed,he had supplied the inspiration,and this represented the main stream for Confucian studies and the advancement of Chinese culture. But he had not formulated a specific treatise to explain it. Li-ao in avoiding the respective mistakes of Han-yu and Lui Tzung-yuan,wrote Fu-hsing-shu (復性書) in which he wrote favourably on Buddhism and Confucianism,and formulated the theory of the eradication of sentiment and recovering one's true nature. This theory has a parallel in Buddhist ideas of "seeing nature and becoming Buddha" and "no thought as the sect". During the transition period of Confucian studies of the T'ang Dynasty to Neo-Confucianism of the Sung Dynasty,Han- yu pointed out the necessity of reviving Confucian studies; he had proposed a mission. Lui Tzung-yuan pointed out the inevitability of Confucian studies accommodating Buddhist studies; he had found the right avenue. Li-ao actually carried out an attempted theoretical inquiry into Confucian studies. From different angles, the three of them respectively had laid the ground work for the rise of Neo- Confucianism of the Sung Dynasty.
ISSN16086848 (P)
ヒット数1228
作成日1998.07.22
更新日期2017.07.20



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