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智顗大師止觀修證歷程之研究 -- 以「賢山潛修」至「天台圓悟」時期為主=The Research on Master Chi-Yi's Process of Enlightenment through the Approach of Chih-Guan (Ceasing and Penetrating): Mainly on the Period in the Reclusion in Da-xien Mountain and the Enlightenment in Tien-tai Complete Enlightenment
著者 釋性廣 (著)=Shih, Shing-kuang (au.)
掲載誌 玄奘佛學研究=Hsuan Chuang Journal of Buddhism
巻号n.12
出版年月日2009.09.01
ページ155 - 190
出版者玄奘大學宗教學研究所
出版サイト http://ird.hcu.edu.tw/front/bin/home.phtml
出版地新竹市, 臺灣 [Hsinchu shih, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese
ノート作者為中央大學哲學博士候選人,東吳大學兼任講師=Ph.D. Candidate of Graduate Institute of Philosophy, National Taiwan University; Part-time Lecturer, Soochow University.
キーワード信願法門=he Gate of faith and determination; 法華三昧=a Hua San Mei (saddharma-pun红d红arīka-samādhi); 旋陀羅尼=ircle dharnani; 法華有相行=a Hua practice with the differences; 法華無相行=a Hua practice without the differences
抄録本文主要解析智顗從初出家至天台山隱修時期,其止觀修行的歷程與證境,以做為了解天台圓頓止觀思想的根源。學界向來重視天台的思想與義理,而少部分研究止觀論題者,則對智顗的實修經驗與止觀證境常略而不談。根據筆者的研究發現,智顗的止觀修行經驗,對於其解釋傳統印度禪學與建構自家天台圓頓止觀,無論在內容、方法與架構上,皆有深遠之影響。智顗從初出家至天台圓悟時期的止觀修證歷程,約可分為四個階段,即:一、初出家時,曾潛隱於大賢山,修持以法華經系為主的信願行門,並曾感得勝相現前。二、參學時期,依從慧思受學,於其指導下,得到「旋陀羅尼」的修行成果與「法華三昧前方便」境界的印證。三、壯年時期,依師命入金陵弘講傳禪,此時智顗依於自身所修不次第法而
轉得次第禪境的修行體證,撰作以《次第禪門》為主的禪修典籍。四、天台隱修期,於華頂峰修頭陀行時,曾得遇神僧傳法與護持的奇遇。智顗更依此時入一實相法的經驗與體證,撰作《摩訶止觀》,以為天台圓頓止觀修行中的代表作品。在以上內容分析的基礎上,對照於龍樹對大乘修行三要門的分類,
可知智顗此一時期止觀實修的經驗與證境,是以信願與智解為主的大乘修行法門,而這也是《摩訶止觀》中「生圓信」與「修圓行」的思想淵源。

This essay aims to analyze Chih-yi’s process of practice and the confines of enlightenment, since his ordination to the period of his seclusion in Tien-tai, as the basis to comprehend Tien-tai’s thought of Yuen-dun-chihguan. The academic field has emphasized much more on Tien-tai’s thought and meanings, and those people whose research topic is Chih-kuan pay less attention on or even neglect Chih-yi’s practice experience and the confines of his enlightenment. According to my research, his practice experience of Chih-kuan has profound impact upon his explanation about traditional Indian meditation and the construction of his own Tian-tai Yuan-dun-chi-kuan, no matter in content, methods, or the frame. This article divides Chih-yi’s learning and practice process into four stages since his ordination to the period of his seclusion in Tien-tai. First, when he just became a monk, he lived in seclusion in Da-xien Mountain, holding the themes of faith and practice of Fa Hua as his main method; he had ever seen the appearance of his transcendence. Second, during the period of his learning, he followed Huei-shi’s instruction. Under his guidance, Chih-yi got circle dharnani (旋陀羅尼) and had the proof of the phenomena of Elementary yet Skilful Means of Fa Hua San Mei (saddharma-pun红d红arīkasamādhi). Third, in his adulthood, taking the order of his teacher, he went to Jin-ling and delivered speeches on meditation. Meanwhile, Chih-yi wrote a meditation book mainly on The Order of Entering the Gate of Meditation, because his enlightenment experience of meditation based on the non-stepby-step method brought him into the step-by-step meditation refines. Fourth, during the period of his seclusion in Tien-tai, living an ascetic life in Huading-fong, he ever met a magical monk, who told him the dharma and supported him. Furthermore, Chih-yi applied this experience and enlightenment of perceiving the Truth as the basis to write Mo He Zhi Kuan, the representative work of Tien-tai sect’s Yuen-Dun-Zhi-Kuan. Based on the above analysis and compared with the classification of the three main practices of Mahayana Buddhism made by Nāgārjuna, we know Chih-yi’s experience of Zhi-Kuan practice and enlightened refines belongs to Mahayana practice methods -- mainly the themes of faith & practice and wisdom & understanding. This is also the origin of the thought -- “growing the complete belief” and “developing the complete practice”-- in Mo He Zhi Kuan.
目次一、前言 159
二、賢山潛修:修信願行與得見勝相 160
三、大蘇妙解:得陀羅尼與證法華境 166
四、金陵弘法:講演般若與傳次第禪 178
五、天台圓悟:華頂奇遇與入一實相 187
六、結論 188
ISSN18133649 (P); 18133649 (E)
ヒット数436
作成日2010.08.06
更新日期2017.12.05



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