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What Does Mindfulness Really Mean? a Canonical Perspective
著者 Bhikkhu Bodhi
掲載誌 Contemporary Buddhism: An Interdisciplinary Journal
巻号v.12 n.1
出版年月日2011.05
ページ19 - 39
出版者Routledge
出版サイト https://www.routledge.com/
出版地Abingdon, UK [阿賓登, 英國]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語英文=English
キーワードMindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy; Meditation in Buddhism; Buddhists; Manners & Customs; Psychotherapy Therapeutic Use of Meditation
抄録The purpose of this paper is to determine the meaning and function of mindfulness meditation using as the source of inquiry the Pāli Canon, the oldest complete collection of Buddhist texts to survive intact. Mindfulness is the chief factor in the practice of satipa hāna, the best known system of Buddhist meditation. In descriptions of satipa hāna two terms constantly recur: mindfulness (sati) and clear comprehension (sampajañña). An understanding of these terms based on the canonical texts is important not only from a philological angle but because such understanding has major bearings on the actual practice of meditation. The word sati originally meant ‘memory,’ but the Buddha ascribed to this old term a new meaning determined by the aims of his teaching. This meaning, the author holds, might best be characterized as ‘lucid awareness.’ He questions the common explanation of mindfulness as ‘bare attention,’ pointing out problems that lurk behind both words in this expression. He also briefly discusses the role of clear comprehension (sampajañña) and shows that it serves as a bridge between the observational function of mindfulness and the development of insight. Finally, he takes up the question whether mindfulness can legitimately be extracted from its traditional context and employed for secular purposes. He maintains that such non-traditional applications of mindfulness are acceptable and even admirable on the ground that they help alleviate human suffering, but he also cautions against a reductionist understanding of mindfulness and urges that investigators respect the religious tradition in which it is rooted.
目次1. Mindfulness in the Buddhist path 19
2. The meaning of sati 22
3. Mindfulness and bare attention 27
4. What the suttas say 32
5. Clear comprehension 33
6. Expanding into new frontiers 35
Notes 36
References 38
Appendix 39
Key to abbreviations 39
ISSN14639947 (P); 14767953 (E)
DOI10.1080/14639947.2011.564813
ヒット数399
作成日2011.09.02
更新日期2017.06.30



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