サイトマップ本館について諮問委員会お問い合わせ資料提供著作権について当サイトの内容を引用するホームページへ        

書目仏学著者データベース当サイト内
検索システム全文コレクションデジタル仏経言語レッスン博物館リンク
 
Bookmark and Share


加えサービス
書誌管理
書き出し
日治台灣佛教的特點與研究=The Characteristics and Research on Buddhism in Japanese Colonial Taiwan
著者 闞正宗 (著)=Kan, Zheng-zong (au.)
掲載誌 圓光佛學學報=Yuan Kuang Journal of Buddhist Studies
巻号n.18
出版年月日2012.01
ページ97 - 138
出版者圓光佛學研究所=Yuan Kuang Buddhist College
出版サイト http://www.ykbi.edu.tw/
出版地桃園縣, 臺灣 [Taoyuean hsien, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese
ノート作者為法鼓佛教學院兼任助理教授。
キーワード殖民主義=Japanese Colonialism; 皇國佛教=The Imperial Buddhism; 十五年戰爭; 寺廟整理=the researching and registering Taiwanese temples; 皇民化運動; Taiwan Buddhism
抄録一、「皇國佛教」的定義:所謂「皇國佛教」(the Imperial Buddhism)明治維新後「神道國家化」、「佛教國家化」,是謂「明治佛教性格」。對內輔助神道、儒家教化,對外配合國家擴張主義,在殖民地扮演教化、同化、皇民化角色。
二、「皇國佛教」在臺灣殖民的歷史進程:在殖民統治51 年間,在以歷史事件為契機,劃分三個時期:
(1) 前期(1896~1915):探索與結盟
(2) 中期(1915~1931):合作與開展
(3) 後期(1931~1945):皇化與改造
前期,從軍僧及各宗布教師在臺灣的開教,以無分別、無選擇的方式尋找加盟的寺廟,並各自訂定各宗的開教計劃,而其中所遭遇的瓶頸亦多有所見。「西來庵事件」(1915 年)之前,總督府雖然啟動了組織「本島人宗教會」的構想,但是,被委任的黃玉階雖為先天派前輩,但不具宗教代表性,而未有結果。以辛亥革命為契機,政治表態式的台南地區齋教各堂的「齋心社」結成,為臺灣宗教「統一」運動踏出第一步。
「西來庵事件」爆發後,進入中期(1915~1931)台日佛教的合作與開展時期,向來對僧侶、齋友「素質」頗有意見的殖民當局,正式啟動全台宗教調查。此一政策加速了結盟後的臺、日佛教的合作,以臨濟、曹洞宗為首,開展後劃分出全台區域性勢力即本土四大法派,而齋教三派統一成「台灣佛教龍華會」也以日本佛教為借鏡,展開史上最活躍時期。
「九一八事變」(1931 年)展開了日本史學界所稱的「十五年戰爭」。中日戰事的爆發,佛教所扮演的角色將極致化。從「九一八事變」,經「七七事變」到「太平洋戰爭」,佛教助成的角色,從「部落振興會」(1932 年)、「臺灣社會教化協議會」(1934 年)、「打破舊慣信仰運動」(1935 年)、「民風作興協議會」(1936 年)、「精神總動員(皇民化)運動」(1937 年),而因應「精神總動員運動」而來的「寺廟整理運動」,並以「寺院戰時體制」(1942 年)達到「皇國佛教化」的高峰。

Ⅰ The Definition of the Imperial Buddhism
The Imperial Buddhism, National Shinto, and National Buddhism after the Meiji Reform are Buddhism of Meiji. Not only the propaganda of Shinto and Confucianism in Japan did it strengthen but also the active expansion and cultivation, assimilation and the Kominka Movement in its colonial Taiwan.
Ⅱ The History of the Imperial Buddhism in Japanese Colonial Taiwan
In the fifty-one years of the Japanese Colonial Period, the Imperial Buddhism can be divided into three periods:
(1) the early period (1896-1915): exploration and alliance,
(2) the middle period (1915-1931): cooperation and development
(3) the later period (1931-1945): Kominka Moment and Modification
In the early period (1896-1915), Japanese Buddhist monks of different schools arrived in Taiwan and started their own preaching. They sought for alliance without any discrimination and made their own plans to start their preaching respectively. Therefore, it was unsurprisingly to see they encountered many challenges.
Before the Xilai Temple Incident, the Taiwan Governor-General Office organized the ‛Islanders Religious Association’; however, it failed because the assigned chairman, Yu-jie Haung, the patriarch of the Prior Heaven School, was not so representative of different Buddhist schools in
Taiwan. Later, in the Revolution of 1911, the first step of the union of Taiwan Buddhism was taken by Vegetarian Halls (Zhaixi She), formed by many vegetarian sects in Tainan.
In the middle period(1915-1931), the Xilai Temple Incident erupted. This incident led to the cooperation of Japanese Buddhism and Taiwanese Buddhism. Besides, it caused the Japanese government, having doubted the character of monks and vegetarians, to carry out a complete official
investigation of religious institutions. This policy accelerated the cooperation of Japanese Buddhism and Taiwanese Buddhism. Initiated by Rinzai Sect and Soto Sect, Buddhism spread out in Taiwan and was separated into local four Taiwan temple schools. Moreover, the Taiwan
Buddhist Dragon Flower Association, formed by the three main vegetarian sects, started to play an active role.
In the later period(1931-1945), Japan started its military invasion of northeast China in 1931, entering into what would become the fifteen years of war. With the eruption of the Sino-Japanese War (1931), Buddhism played a crucial role. Consequently, the Japanese colonial government forced Taiwanese Buddhists to revitalize the national spirit by organizing respective associations, such as the Revival of Tribes in 1932,the United Association of Taiwan Education Associations in 1934, the Moment of Transforming Old Customs in 1935, the Developed Folkways Society in 1936, and the Movement of Spiritual Mobilization in 1937. The continuous movements in researching and registering Taiwanese temples under the martial law all led to the transformation of Taiwanese Buddhism into the Imperial Buddhism in 1942.
目次一、前言 103
二、歷史分期的觀察 104
(一)前期(1895~1915):探索與結盟
(二)中期(1915~1931):合作與開展
(三)後期(1931~1945):皇化與改造
三、日本殖民統治佛教的特點 136

ISSN16086848 (P)
ヒット数443
作成日2013.07.23
更新日期2017.08.09



Chrome, Firefox, Safari(Mac)での検索をお勧めします。IEではこの検索システムを表示できません。

注意:

この先は にアクセスすることになります。このデータベースが提供する全文が有料の場合は、表示することができませんのでご了承ください。

修正のご指摘

下のフォームで修正していただきます。正しい情報を入れた後、下の送信ボタンを押してください。
(管理人がご意見にすぐ対応させていただきます。)

シリアル番号
390325

検索履歴
フィールドコードに関するご説明
検索条件ブラウズ