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Historical Consciousness and Traditional Buddhist Narratives
著者 Gross, Rita M.
掲載誌 International Journal of Dharma Studies
巻号v.1 n.1
出版年月日2013
出版者SpringerOpen
出版サイト http://www.springeropen.com
出版地Heidelberg, Germany [海德堡, 德國]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語英文=English
ノートAuthor Affiliations:Dept. of Philosophy and Religious Studies, University of Wisconsin—Eau Claire, Eau Claire, WI 54701, USA
抄録In this paper, I intend to explore some of the issues that come up when I tried to teach academically grounded, accurate, non-sectarian history of Buddhism at Buddhist dharma centers. First among these issues is that Western Buddhists can be quite fundamentalist in their approach to Buddhism and take many narratives literally. Chief among these, especially for Mahāyāna Buddhists, is the Heart Sūtra, which they believe was actually given by the historical Buddha during his lifetime because of the setting in which this narrative is placed. To explain why Mahāyāna teachings did not take hold for about four hundred years, they add the belief that the historical Buddha realized that people were not ready for those teachings, so he had them concealed among the nāgas, from where Nāgārjuna retrieved them. Historians obviously do not take this story seriously as history and seek for historical causes and conditions that led to the development of Mahāyāna ideas some four hundred years after the death of the Buddha. I will argue, first, that key Buddhist teachings, especially teachings on all-pervasive impermanence and on interdependent origination, can be used to verify historical accounts of the origins of Mahāyāna Buddhism. In other words, to accept the more sensible and reasonable account given by modern historians is not to abandon traditional Buddhist beliefs and teachings. It is rather to appeal to traditional Buddhist teachings that provide more adequate explanations of the origins of Mahāyāna Buddhism that the traditional mythic narrative. Second, I will discuss how the mythic account can be interpreted symbolically and will argue that symbols should not be considered as less important or real than facts. Only those who buy completely into the model of scientific materialism provided by the European enlightenment would not understand that in religions, symbols are as meaningful as facts.
目次background 1
normative curricula at Western Buddhist centers 2
Buddhist history for Buddhist practitioners 3
why literalism and fundamentalism? 4
the riddle of modern histprical studies and traditional studies 5
decoding two stories 9
where is mount meru? 10
the sory of the heart sutra 12
conclusion 15
endnotes 15
competing interests 16
references 16
ISSN21968802 (E)
ヒット数22
作成日2014.11.04
更新日期2020.11.17



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