サイトマップ本館について諮問委員会お問い合わせ資料提供著作権について当サイトの内容を引用するホームページへ        

書目仏学著者データベース当サイト内
検索システム全文コレクションデジタル仏経言語レッスン博物館リンク
 
Bookmark and Share


加えサービス
書誌管理
書き出し
善導淨土思想在日本的開展:以法然門下長西的信心觀為中心=Development of Master Shandao’s Pure Land Ideology in Japan: From Chosai’s Perspective of Conviction
著者 凃玉盞 (著)=Yu-chan Tu (au.)
掲載誌 圓光佛學學報=Yuan Kuang Journal of Buddhist Studies
巻号n.27
出版年月日2016.06
ページ51 - 78
出版者圓光佛學研究所=Yuan Kuang Buddhist College
出版サイト http://www.ykbi.edu.tw/
出版地桃園縣, 臺灣 [Taoyuean hsien, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese
キーワード善導=Shandao,; 長西=Chosai; 三心=the Three Minds, the sincere mind, the profound minds, the longing minds (which dedicates all kinds of merit toward rebirth in the Pure Land); 自利真實=self-salvation perspective; 利他真實=altruistic perspective
抄録善導(613-681)一生弘揚淨土教,在中國淨土教史上被尊為二祖,在日本淨土教史上被奉為高祖。善導的教說雖然在七世紀中葉傳到日本,但,一直到十二世紀的法然(1133-1212)宣稱「偏依善導一師」,才開展出善導在日本淨土教史上不可或缺的重要地位。而,覺明房長西(1184-1266)是法然門下的代表人物之一,同時也是日本浄土五流中九品寺流流祖。
本論文以長西晩年駐錫於九品寺講述善導《觀經疏》的講錄,即《觀經疏光明抄》的「至誠心.深心.迴向發願心」為軸,來看善導思想在日本的開展。
首先,在詮釋至誠心時,長西認為依善導意,並非要求凡夫要有「和彌陀一樣」的真實心,而是要求凡夫以「凡夫三業能做得到」的真實心,一面想著彌陀的慈悲願行,一面盡自己能力許可的範圍努力修行。
至於深信心,長西將善導的七種深信,大分為「往生信心」與「難破信心」二類。「往生信心」,是指凡夫眾生真實地深信自己確實能往生的信心。長西以「解信」到「證信」的過程,來說明凡夫如何獲得堅信不移的深信。詮釋「難破信心」時,則以守護信心為基調,縱使被指責凡夫不能往生也不退轉的信心。
又,長西以「往生迴向發願」、「難破迴向」來重新組合詮釋上述善導迴向發願心釋的二義。即,往生是迴向發願心的最終目的,因此必須戰戰兢兢守護信心為基開展出長西的「論破迴向」義。
最後長西在詮釋三心時,對三心的每一個面向都是扣緊自己的往生,主張三心是以自利為中心的。
最後,討論長西分別從心所.心解.能所三方面來討論三心的相互關係。首先,從心所面來看,長西認為深心是大善地法中最初的信心所,迴向發願心是大地法中第五的欲心所,至誠心則跨此二心所。其次,從「心解」面看,至誠心是勇猛精進心的養成,深心是了解佛語的不虛妄,迴向是欣求純善殊勝的極樂淨土。也就是說,行者以勇猛精進的心,理解深信釋尊的教法,更生起願生淨土之心。再次,從能所的角度來看,至誠心是能成的心,深心.迴向心是所成的心。能成的至誠心成就深心.迴向心。相反地,若無至誠心不能成就深心.迴向心。
可知長西所主張的三心以至誠心為中心,為能動。從行者(願生者)以自己的勇猛精進心,能生對釋尊教理的信解,而生起願生淨土之心。三心不是三種不同的心,而是從至誠.深心.迴向發願三個不同面向來探討願生者如何安心。可知長西的這種三心觀,與法然其他弟子證空、親鸞等他力中心的主張,認為三心來自彌陀恩賜的見解是顯然不同的。

Having devoted all his life to spreading Pure Land Ideology, Master Shandao (631-681) is widely known as the second patriarch in Chinese Pure Land Sect. Aside from that, he is also honored as Zendo Daishi in Japanese Pure Land Sect. Despite the fact that Master Shandao’s ideology is introduced to Japan as early as mid-seventh century, it was not until Honen’s(1133-1212) promotion in 12th century that Master Shandao’s ideology becomes prominent and indispensable in Japanese Pure Land Sect, amongst which Kuhonji School (one of the five branches) is founded by Honen’s disciple, Chosai (1184-1266).
This thesis mainly focuses on how Master Shandao’s ideology develops in Japan from the perspective of the Three Minds (the utterly sincere mind, the profound mind, and the longing mind which dedicates all kinds of merit toward rebirth in the Pure Land) as depicted in the Commentary on the Amitāyurdhyāna Sūtra, which Chosai applies to his preaches at Kuhonji in his late years.
To begin with, when interpreting the utterly sincere mind, Chosai focuses more on one that is attainable by ordinary beings rather than one that is perfectly identical to Amitabhā’s. Ordinary beings are only required to do their best in their spiritual cultivation, based on Amitabhā’s original vows and convictions.
As to the profound mind, Chosai mainly separates Master Shandao’s seven profound minds into two categories: “conviction to rebirth in the Pure Land” and “conviction that is hard to waver”. “Conviction to rebirth in the Pure Land” mainly depicts ordinary beings’ firm believes in rebirth into the Pure Land. From “liberation” to “verification”, Chosai gives a clear account on how ordinary beings acquire such a profound mind. “Conviction that is hard to waver” mainly depicts ordinary beings’ firm believes in rebirth into the Pure Land, which cannot be wavered even when accused of not being able to do so.
Finally, when interpreting the longing mind which dedicates all kinds of merit toward rebirth in the Pure Land, Chosai focuses on “directing all kinds of merit toward rebirth in the Pure Land” and “directing it with a resolution that is hard to waver”. Since being born into the Pure Land is an ultimate goal, ordinary beings dedicate their all kinds of merit to, they must do so with a resolution that is hard to waver.
Since each aspect of the Three Minds is strongly connected to rebirth in the Pure Land, Chosai advocates that the Three Minds are developed based on an initial intention of self-salvation.
From Chosai’s perspective of “mental factors, mental liberation, and ability to transform”, subtle relationships among the Three Minds can be sufficiently analyzed. To begin with, from a perspective of “mental factors”, Chosai believes that the profound mind comes first in ten mental conditions for cultivation of goodness, while the longing mind which dedicates all kinds of merit toward rebirth in the Pure Land comes fifth. The utterly
目次一、前言 57
二、至誠心釋的開展 58
(一) 善導的至誠心釋 58
(二) 長西的至誠心釋意 60
三、深心釋的開展 62
一) 善導的深心釋 62
(二) 長西的深心詮釋 63
四、迴向發願心 69
(一) 往相迴向 71
(二) 還相迴向 73
五、結語:三心的相互關係 74
ISSN16086848 (P)
ヒット数377
作成日2016.07.06
更新日期2017.08.16



Chrome, Firefox, Safari(Mac)での検索をお勧めします。IEではこの検索システムを表示できません。

注意:

この先は にアクセスすることになります。このデータベースが提供する全文が有料の場合は、表示することができませんのでご了承ください。

修正のご指摘

下のフォームで修正していただきます。正しい情報を入れた後、下の送信ボタンを押してください。
(管理人がご意見にすぐ対応させていただきます。)

シリアル番号
566745

検索履歴
フィールドコードに関するご説明
検索条件ブラウズ