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法藏法界緣起論的生態世界觀意義=On Fa-zang’s Dharmadhatu Dependent Origination and Its Significance of Ecological World View
著者 陳紅兵 =Chen, Hong-bing
掲載誌 2015華嚴專宗國際學術研討會論文集下冊
出版年月日2018.11
ページ465 - 488
出版者財團法人臺北市華嚴蓮社
出版サイト https://www.huayen.org.tw/
出版地臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
資料の種類會議論文=Proceeding Article
言語中文=Chinese
ノート作者單位:山東理工大學法學院 教授
Professor, Shandong University of Technology
キーワード法藏=Fa-zang; 法界緣起論=Dharmadhatu Dependent Origination; 生態世界觀=Ecological world view; 系統論=System theory; 全息整體論=Holographic Theory
抄録生態哲學是在生態環境危機日漸引起世人關注的背景下產生的,是對現代文明批判反思的產物。生態哲學的構建本身需要吸取多種思想文化資源。佛教哲學能夠為生態哲學建設提供思想文化資源。法藏法界緣起論關於現象事物之間相互依持、相互作用、相互涵攝構成統一的緣起整體的思想,不僅對現代機械論世界觀具有批判反思意義,而且與生態世界觀具有多方面的契合,對於我們今天構建生態世界觀具有啟迪意義。
法藏法界緣起論思想主要包含三性同異、因門六義、緣起相由、六相圓融、十玄門五方面。「三性同異」說繼承發展唯識學三性三無性思想,其對遍計所執性的批判反思對現代實體論觀念具有消解作用。而其中蘊含的性相融通觀念,則為法界緣起論肯定現實世界的關係性、整體性提供了思想橋樑;「因門六義」說繼承發展唯識學「種子六義」思想,其中闡述的因果生成論對現代機械決定論具有糾正意義;「緣起相由」說具體闡述諸緣同體相即相入、異體相即相入的關聯,全面闡述了諸緣之間以及諸緣內部諸要素之間存在的相互依持、相互作用、相互涵攝的關係,其中蘊含有類似當代系統論世界觀的思想;「六相圓融」說從總相、別相、同相、異相、成相、壞相不同方面闡釋整體與部分之間關係,與當代系統論整體觀相一致;「十玄門」是法界緣起論的核心,其中闡述的全息整體論觀念具有當代哲學所沒有的思想內涵,對於我們認識人與環境萬物、環境整體的關係具有啟迪意義。
法藏法界緣起論從所證佛果高度,融攝般若中觀、賴耶緣起、真如緣起的相關思想,將現象世界闡釋為十方三世一切事物相互依持、相互作用、相互涵攝的緣起整體,達到了佛教緣起論前所未有的高度,對於我們高屋建瓴,從緣起整體高度考察生態世界觀的不同論題具有啟迪意義。不過,也正因為其從佛果高度考察現象世界,相對淡化了現實層面具體的緣起作用和過程,與當代生態世界觀存在思維向度上的差異,因此,要充分發揮其對生態世界觀的建構價值,需要與當代生態世界觀進行現實層面的對話與交流。

Ecological philosophy came into being in the backdrop of people’s increasingly attention to the ecological environment crisis, was a product of critical reflection on modern civilization. The construction of ecological philosophy need to learn from a variety of cultural resources, and Buddhist philosophy can provide ideological and cultural resources for it. Fa-zang’s Dharmadhatu Dependent Origination thoughts which phenomena things form the unification of the whole through interdependence, interaction and mutual inclusion, not only have the significance of critical reflection on modern
mechanistic worldview, and have many aspects of fit and enlightenment to ecological world view.
Fa-zang’s Dharmadhatu Dependent Origination mainly consists of five aspects:
Same and Difference of Three-nature, Six Meanings of Causation; Relations of Phenomena Things; Correlations of Six-Form; Ten Profound Meanings. The “Same and Deference of Three-nature” theory inherited and developed the three-nature and
three-none-nature thoughts of Cittamatra, and its critical reflection on parikalpita-svabha^va has a dispelling function to the concept of modern ontology. And its idea of nature-phenomena fusion can provide thought bridge for Dharmadhatu Dependent Origination which affirms the relationship and integrality of the real world; The “Six Meanings of Causation” thoughts inherited and developed the “Six Meaning of Seed” thoughts of Cittamatra, which expounds the causal theory has a correct meaning to modern mechanical determinism. And its combining with the idea of principle part or subordinate part makes it to the Dharmadhatu Dependent Origination; “Relations of Phenomena Things” theory elaborates on the interdependence, interaction and mutual inclusion between phenomena things and elements include things, which contain similar world views as contemporary system theory. “Correlations of Six-Form” theory elucidates relationship between the whole and part from total form, independent form, same form, difference form, achieving form and destructive form, which consistent with the holism of contemporary system theory; The “Ten Profound Meanings” theory is the
core of the Dharmadhatu Dependent Origination, which elucidates the holographic holism has the different connotation from contemporary philosophy, which have enlightenment significance for us to know the relationship between human and environment, the environment as a whole.
Fa-zang’s Dharmadhatu Dependent Origination subsumes related thoughts such as prajnaparamita Madhyamapratipad, Alaya Dependent Origination, Dharmat Dependent Origination from the height of Buddha phala, and elucidates the world as dependent origination entirety which everything interdependence, interaction and mutual inclusion, thus reached the unprecedented height of Buddhist dependent origination, thus has enlightenment meaning to investigate different topics of ecological world view from the height of dependent origination entirety. But because of its research the world from Buddha phala, it dilutes the specific interaction and process in the realistic level relatively, thus has thinking differences f
目次一、「三性同異」對實體論的消融 468
二、「因門六義」中的因果生成論 472
三、「緣起相由」中的系統論 475
四、「六相圓融」中的整體觀 479
五、「十玄無礙」的全息整體觀 483
ヒット数6
作成日2021.12.08
更新日期2021.12.08



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