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從《小品般若》到《法華經》的思想轉變 -- 以「佛命聲聞說大乘」及「佛塔與經卷供養」為中心=The Changes of Thought from the Astasahasrika Prajbaparamita to the Lotus Sutra: Focus on " the Buddha Demended the Wravakas to Teach the Mahayana Dharma" and "The Worship of the Stupa and the Worship of the Text"
作者 黃國清 (著)=Huang, Kuo-ching (au.)
出處題名 世界宗教學刊=Journal of World Religions
卷期n.9
出版日期2007.06.01
頁次49 - 79
出版者南華大學宗教學研究所
出版者網址 http://mail.nhu.edu.tw/~compare/index.htm
出版地嘉義縣, 臺灣 [Chia-i hsien, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese
附註項作者為南華大學宗教所助理教授
關鍵詞小品般若經=the Astasahasrika Prajbaparamita; 法華經=the Lotus Sutra; 佛命聲聞說大乘= the Buddha demended the wravakas to teach the Mahayana dharma; 佛塔=stupa; 經卷供養=the worship of the text
摘要本文探討《小品般若經》與《法華經》某些相類內容可能的先後形式,聚焦於「佛命聲聞說大乘」與「佛塔與經塔供養」二個議題。對於其一個事件,《小品》的故事來龍去脈較為明晰,彰明般若波羅蜜,聲聞行者與大乘法義之間的關係可以銜接,尚未處於全然對立之勢。相對而言,《法華》中的文脈似乎簡單述及一個發生於過去的事件,重點在呈現阿羅漢對不學大乘的自我感傷,鼓勵聲聞行者轉向大乘,應是在大小乘已然對立的階段後重新調和雙方的努力。對比之下,《小品》中的故事似為較原初的形式。關於第二個議題,《小品‧塔品》中肯定經卷供養的功德遠勝過舍利供養,但未否定後者的價值,並為後者找出理論根據。在《法華‧法師品》中,經卷獲得一種絕對的地位,鼓勵為經卷建塔供養,不必再供養舍利,因為經卷中已具如來全身,完全取代了如何舍利,<法師品>的形式似較<塔品>為發達。就這兩個議題而言,《法華》受到《小品》影響的可能性較大。

This article examines some similar events in the Astasahasrika Prajbaparamita and the Lotus Sutra to explore which one is the earlier form. We focus on two issues: "the Buddha demended the wravakas to teach the Mahayana dharma" and "the worship of the stupa and the worship of the text." As for the former issue, in the Astasahasrika, the whole story is told from beginning to end to show the Perfection of Wisdom, and the relationship between wravaka dharma and the Mahayana dharma can be directly linked. In the Lotus Sutra, however, the story is briefly mentioned as if it has happened long before, and the main point is to show Arhats' regret at not learning the Mahayana dharma. The event mentioned in the Astasahasrika seems to be an earlier form than the one in the Lotus Sutra. As for the second issue, in the Stupa Chapter of the Astasahasrika, the merit gained from the worship of the text is reviewed much more than that from the worship of the stupa, but the meaning of the latter is not totally negated. In the Dharma-speaker Chapter of the Lotus Sutra , the worship of the text gains an absolute position, and the worship of the stupa is no longer necessary, because there is already a whole body of the Buddha in the text. The form in the Dharma-speaker Chapter seems to be more developed than that in the Stupa Chapter. As far as these two events are concerned, it is possible that the Lotus Sutra is influenced by the Astasahasrika.
目次壹、引言 50
貳、佛命聲聞說大乘的意義轉化 52
參、佛塔與經卷供養的觀念轉變 63
肆、結論 73
參考文獻 75
ISSN1728645X (P); 1728645X (E)
點閱次數597
建檔日期2009.10.16
更新日期2017.11.07










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