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Principles and practices of Buddhist education in Asanga's:Bodhisattvabhumi
作者 Mullens, James G.
出版日期1994
出版者McMaster University
出版者網址 http://www.mcmaster.ca/
出版地Hamilton, ON, Canada [哈密爾頓, 安大略省, 加拿大]
資料類型博碩士論文=Thesis and Dissertation
使用語言英文=English
學位類別博士
校院名稱McMaster University
系所名稱Religious Studies
指導教授MacQueen, Graeme
畢業年度1994
關鍵詞Asanga; Yogacara-bhumi; Bodhisattva-bhumi; Buddhist education; Bodhisattva stages; Mahayana Buddhism
摘要Arya Asanga was one of Indian Buddhism's leading scholars in the middle Mahayana period, fourth - sixth centuries C.E. His encyclopedic Bodhisattvabhumi is considered to be one of Buddhism's foremost expositions of bodhisattva doctrine. The Bodhisattvabhumi contains a systematic description of the bodhisattva path of practice (bodhisattva-siksamarga) that emphasises broad knowledge and general education in the pursuit of enlightenment and liberation. The subjects of that education are the "five sciences" (pancavidyasthanani) which range from Buddhist textual scholarship to the study of non-Buddhist religious literature and secular subjects, including works on grammar, logic, medicine and crafts. The historical accounts of the seventh century Chinese pilgrim travelers HsiianTsang and 1-Tsing confirm that these five sciences were the basis for the curriculum at Nalanda Mahavihara, India's most renowned monastic university. Corroborating information indicates that the Bodhisattvabhumi was studied at Nalanda Mahavihara and that its views and values were influential in Nalanda's approach to education. The inclusion of non-traditional subjects as valid areas of "liberating knowledge" for Buddhists required an innovative philosophy of education. This was achieved in the Bodhisattvabhumi by reformulating certain key Buddhist concepts, most notably dharma ("teachings"), prajna ("wisdom-insight") and bodhi ("enlightenment"). The result was a comprehensive vision of religious education that encouraged a quest for general learning and broadened the range of knowledge deemed necessary for attainment of complete enlightenment (anuttarasamyaksambodhi). To illustrate the importance of education and embody principles of its acquisition and proper application, the Bodhisattvabhumi also developed portrayals of role types. These include the bodhisattva depicted as a novice beginner, teacher, and mentor; and the Tathiigata Buddha portrayed as the personification of "all-knowledge" and defender of the faith. The Chinese travelers' accounts confirm that the students and masters of Nalanda Mahavihara were involved, in their daily lives, in activities that corresponded to these roles.
點閱次數58
建檔日期1998.04.28
更新日期2016.06.23










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