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The Place of Chan in Post-Modern Europe=中國禪在後現代歐洲的地位
作者 Crook, John Hurrell (著)=柯魯克 (au.)
出處題名 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
卷期n.13.2
出版日期2000.05
頁次549 - 584
出版者中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
出版者網址 http://chinesebuddhiststudies.org/
出版地新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese; 英文=English
附註項n.13.2為第13期卷下‧英文篇
關鍵詞Chan=中國禪; Post Modernity=後現代; D. T. Suzuki=鈴木大拙; European Zen=歐洲禪; Hua-yen=華嚴; Environmentalism=環境主義
摘要Zen in Europe is currently a patchwork quilt of somewhat competitive perspectives with much
investment in contrasting metaphysical positions and ancient loyalties to church or humanistic
faiths. While good Zen practice is cultivated in many centres the Dharma upon which Zen relies
and its Buddhist history is poorly understood and in some cases ignored largely as a consequence of
accepting Daisetsu Suzuki's pan-religious mysticism.

D. T. Suzuki provided a one sided view of Zen emphasizing sudden enlightenment and a process that
functioned outside history and indeed the intellect.This vision was eagerly taken up by Westerners in the early part of this century. Since the "post-modern" turn a renewed emphasis on the contextuality of metaphysical discourse has arisen necessitating a
reconsideration of views concerning Zen which were standard in the 1950s. A brief survey of some of
the more significant Zen movements in Europe is provided.

Chinese Chan as presented by Master Sheng-yen provides a thoroughly Dharma based understanding of
Zen that challenges most of the issues that concern European Buddhists today,in particular the validity of "Christian Zen" and other inclusivist mainstreamings
that tend to understate the enlightenment project of the Buddha. In addition the Chan interest in the Avatamsaka tradition of Hua-yen philosophy provides a positive image of Buddhism warmly related to current environmental concerns. Chan may provide a more sure footed Zen than is currently available in Europe.

提要:
歐洲的禪 (Zen) 現在就像百納被一樣,競斥著形上學與忠誠教徒或人道信仰的對比觀點. 許多優秀的禪修活動在
各個道場展開的同時,禪所賴之法及其佛教史卻少為人知,其中在某種程度上是受到了鈴木大拙的泛宗教神秘主義
影響.

鈴木大拙提供了禪(Zen)的一個局部視野,強調頓悟以及超越歷史尤其是智識的方法,這個觀點在本世紀初很快
便被西方人熱切接受了. 但「後現代迴歸」開始重新重視形上學說的來龍去脈,由此便有了重新考量五○年代以
來典型禪宗(Zen)思想的必要. 對禪宗(Zen)在歐洲的一些重要活動本文有一簡短的檢視.

聖嚴法師所介紹的中國禪(Chan)提供了一個完全以法為本的禪(Zen)宗見解,這挑戰了有關今日歐洲佛教徒的
許多議題,特別是所謂「基督禪」(Christian Zen)或此類主流思想的正當性,他們似乎無法完整說明佛陀的整套覺
悟課題. 此外,中國禪對華嚴(Hua-yen)哲學的「華嚴」(Avatamsaka)傳統的興趣,也為佛教豎立一個正面的形
象,它與目前的環保關懷密切相關. 中國禪(Chan)或許能為時下流行於歐洲的日本禪(Zen)提供一個更為堅實
的基礎.
目次1. Introduction
2. Suzuki Zen and the Post-modern Turn
3. Zen in Europe
4. Language,Culture and Interpretation
5. The Contribution of Chan
6. Keys to Illumination
7. Western Paths
8. Interdependence and the Ecological Crisis
9. Chan and the Future of European Zen Reference
ISSN10177132 (P)
點閱次數1256
建檔日期2000.07.22
更新日期2017.06.20










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