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天台懺法的創新整合模式=A Study on the Creative Integration Model of the Tiantai Repentance Rituals
作者 黃國清 (著)=Huang, Kuo-ching (au.)
出處題名 華梵人文學報=Huafan Journal of Humanities
卷期天台學專刊
出版日期2013.05
頁次225 - 254
出版者華梵大學文學院
出版者網址 http://cola.hfu.edu.tw/epaper/super_pages.php?ID=epaper1
出版地新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese
附註項本文為國科會專題研究計畫「天台懺儀的整體研究——從隋唐到宋代」(NSC 99-2410-H-343-007-MY2) 的研究成果之一,在此感謝國科會的經費補助。
關鍵詞天台懺法=Tiantai repentance ritual; 智顗=Zhiyi; 懺悔=repentance practice; 禪觀=meditation
摘要本文聚焦智顗所制懺法,探討他對大乘懺悔行法如何拓展、深化,從而提升懺悔的修學價值。大乘懺悔實踐本來意在消解罪障,以利菩
薩行深進,也易流於世俗利益追求。南北朝時期禮懺活動盛行,仍未見懺法與禪法的積極連結。智顗曾參學慧曠與慧思,獲致修懺的深層
體驗,將懺悔與禪觀在方法上融合起來,成為甚具價值的創新實踐模式。天台懺法特色包括:昇華懺法為三昧行法;事懺為基導入實相理懺;統合多元方法以對治各類障礙;嚴設修學條件以達到最佳效驗;依據修懺體驗給出詳實指導。這種創新整合模式具備由淺入深的懺悔禪觀次第,頗能助益佛法實踐。

In this article, I will focus on explaining the repentance rituals according to Zhiyi ( 智顗 ), in order to broaden and deepen our knowledge of the tradition of the Mahāyāna practices in repentance, and to highlight the religious value of those practices. The fundamental purpose of Mahāyāna practices in repentance is to release or liberate ourselves from karmaeffects resulting from our ‘wrong doings’; yet, it also implies a tendency for pursuing worldly benefi ts. During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, practices of repentance had become popular, yet no case has been found where repentance ritual and meditation were combined in that period. When Zhiyi studied under Huiguang ( 慧 曠 )and Huisi( 慧 思 ), he experienced and achieved a deep understanding of the religious sense of practicing repentance. Later, he integrated the methods of practicing repentance and meditation to create an advanced model of Buddhist practice. The characteristics of Tiantai repentance rituals embrace the subsequent practices: (1) applying the repentance rituals to the methods of meditation, (2) proceeding to repentance in terms of true principle ( 理 懺 ) from repentance based on rituals( 事 懺 ), (3) integrating a variety of methods to cope with different obstacles, (4) setting standards to engender the best result in practicing Buddhist cultivation, (5) presenting a detailed guidance based on personal religious experiences. This kind of creative ntegrationmodel is provided with the practice-scheme of a “low to high order of repentance-meditation,” which has evidently enriched the long tradition of Buddhist cultivation.
目次壹、引言 226
貳、智顗制懺的漢地禮懺文化背景 227
參、天台懺法的創新整合模式 237
肆、結論 248
ISSN18124305 (P)
點閱次數148
建檔日期2015.12.31
更新日期2019.08.08










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