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東晉慧遠是實在論者嗎?:以其詮解《大智度論》之觀點為線索的哲學研究=Was Huiyuan (Eastern Jin dynasty) a Realist?: A Philosophical Inquiry into his Interpretation of the Mahāprajñāpāramitopadeśa
作者 嚴瑋泓 (著)=Yen, Wei-hung (au.)
出處題名 國立政治大學哲學學報=National Chengchi University Philosophical Journal
卷期n.34
出版日期2015.07
頁次165 - 208
出版者國立政治大學哲學系
出版者網址 http://thinkphil.nccu.edu.tw/main.php
出版地臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese
關鍵詞慧遠=Huiyuan; 《大智度論》=Mahāprajñāpāramitopadeśa=Da-zhi-du-lun; 《大乘大義章》=Da-sheng-da-yi-chang; 〈大智論抄序〉=Da-zhi-lun-chao-xu; 實在論=Realism
摘要本文的主旨在於釐清東晉廬山慧遠(334-416 C. E.)詮解《大智度論》的哲學觀點,反思其觀點與《大智度論》是否一致。若是一致,則檢視多數研究視慧遠為實在論者是否合理。反之,則進一步探究慧遠帶著怎樣的前理解來詮解《大智度論》。在《大乘大義章》中,慧遠數次援引《大智度論》的觀點與鳩摩羅什往來問答。若細究文本脈絡,可發現慧遠詮解《大智度論》的觀點似乎是某種實在論的型式,多數的慧遠研究中,也將慧遠視為實在論者。然而,《大智度論》對實在論乃採取批判的哲學立場,若慧遠是實在論者,其詮釋觀點與文本如何相容?是否這是慧遠多元思想的詮釋結果?若是如此,仍可視慧遠為實在論者嗎?針對以上議題,本文已做適切的回應。在探究與分析慧遠詮解《大智度論》的線索後發現,慧遠的思想相當駁雜,不能單以實在論的視角來理解之,必須回到他所關切之問題的脈絡,才能客觀地理解他的詮解觀點。因此,本文結論以多元的視角來理解慧遠的哲學,理由在於,假若任意以某種哲學主張來把握慧遠對佛學經論的理解與詮釋,都可能在他的著作中找到反例。

This paper is mainly an inquiry into Huiyuan's (Eastern Jìn dynasty; 334-416C.E.) views and interpretation of the Mahāprajñāpāramitopadeśa (Da-zhi-du-lun, 大智度論, hereafter abbreviated as MPPU). It moreover reflects on whether or not his viewpoints are consistent with the MPPU. If indeed they are, my research will focus on the question of whether or not it is reasonable to consider Huiyuan a realist. If, on the other hand, his views are found to be inconsistent with the MPPU, I will look to establish what kind of pre-understanding led Huiyuan to his unique interpretation of this work. In The Main Ideas of the Mahāyāna (Da-sheng-da-yi-chang (《大乘大義章》), Huiyuan recorded his dialogues with Kumārajīva in which he cited various ideas from the MPPU. Upon reading the context in more detail, Huiyuan's interpretation of the MPPU appears to be a form of realism. Hence, he has often been portrayed as a realist. However, the MPPU stood very much in criticism of realism. If Huiyan were indeed a realist, how it is possible that his interpretations are consistent with the MPPU? Could it be that his viewpoints were rooted in his background of various philosophical traditions? And if so, would it be fair to still consider Huiyuan a realist? This paper responds to the above-mentioned issues in an appropriate manner. After investigating and analyzing Huiyuan's interpretations and understandings of the MPPU, this paper find that to consider Huiyuan mainly in accordance with a realistic view is not a suitable approach to understand his thought because of Huiyuan's philosophy is quite a complicated system. The best way to comprehend Huiyuan is stand on the context of his writings. The conclusion of this paper provides a view that the pluralistic perspectives would be the best approach to understand Huiyuan's philosophy. The reason is that when we take any fixed perspectives to read Huiyuan dogmatically, we can also find counterexamples in his writings.
目次壹、前言 167
貳、慧遠詮釋《大智度論》的觀點:實在論的詮解進路 169
一、「實法有」的議題 170
二、「分破空」的議題 174
三、慧遠援引《大智度論》的對應文本 176
參、慧遠詮釋《大智度論》的兩種型態 178
一、「經典間一致性之疑難」的詮釋型態 179
二、「理論的內在困難之疑難」的詮釋型態 183
肆、慧遠於<大智論抄序>中的哲學主張 187
一、慧遠<大智論抄序>之基本哲學觀點 187
二、慧遠<大智論抄序>之「法性」關:排除實在論的詮釋傾向 188
三、慧遠詮說「法性」之目的論傾向 191
四、慧遠「法性」觀之實在論詮釋傾向:以慧遠與元康的《肇論疏》為線索 196
五、<大智論抄序>之法性觀為慧遠理解《大智度論》後的詮釋結果 199
伍、結語 200
ISSN10276076 (P); 10276076 (E)
點閱次數306
建檔日期2016.05.18
更新日期2019.07.23










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