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Past Buddhas, the Future Buddha Maitreya and His “Descents”: With Reference to the Role of Theosophy and Krishnamurti
作者 Werner, Karel
出處題名 International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture=국제불교문화사상사학회
卷期v.26 n.2
出版日期2016.12
頁次119 - 148
出版者International Association for Buddhist Thought and Culture
出版者網址 http://iabtc.org/
出版地Seoul, Korea [首爾, 韓國]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言英文=English
關鍵詞Buddhavamsa; Krishnamurti; Metteyya/Maitreya; Past Buddhas; Theosophy
摘要When the Buddha described his enlightenment, he related how he, as a phase of the process, recollected his past lives during many aeons of world-contraction and worldexpansion, but he said nothing about recollecting past buddhas. When soon afterwards the ascetic Upaka asked him who was his teacher or whose teaching he professed, the Buddha answered that he had no teacher, had no equal, was perfected and was himself the supreme teacher. The style of the description of this encounter suggests that it may indeed have happened that way. The Buddha described it later to his monks and it seems that it was faithfully remembered by them. Although awareness of past buddhas may be implicit in the ability of remembering past lives, the Buddha’s statement about details of six past buddhas was made at Sāvatthi some years later, but the wording of the passage is suspect. The names ascribed to the past buddhas were no doubt fabricated. Gombrich (1980, 64) suggested it was done to authenticate the Buddha’s status by reference to a long line of teachers. A further extension of the line of past buddhas in Buddhava sa, a late text, was influenced by Mahāyāna. However, the idea of future Buddhas was an early logical outcome of the notion of past Buddhas. But the Buddha predicted only the coming of the next Buddha Metteyya (Skrt. Maitreya). The paper then deals with the novel idea of projections or “descents” of the Bodhisattva Maitreya as utilised by some Mahāyāna movements and contemporary “new religions” and it finishes with an extensive account of the failed attempt by the Theosophical Society to present to the world Krishnamurti as the World Teacher, akin to Jesus, under the guidance of the “Lord Maitreya,” as partly witnessed by the author.
ISSN15987914 (P)
點閱次數25
建檔日期2017.07.11










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