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印順法師的中國佛學觀=Venerable Yin-shun's Conception of Chinese Buddhism
作者 黃國清 (著)=Huang, Kuo-ching (au.)
出處題名 玄奘佛學研究=Hsuan Chuang Journal of Buddhism
卷期n.29
出版日期2018.03
頁次143 - 170
出版者玄奘大學宗教學研究所
出版者網址 http://ird.hcu.edu.tw/front/bin/home.phtml
出版地新竹市, 臺灣 [Hsinchu shih, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese
附註項作者為南華大學宗教學研究所副教授
關鍵詞印順=Yin-shun; 中國佛學=Chinese Buddhism; 印度佛學=Indian Buddhism; 學術史觀=scholastic perspective of history; 隋唐佛學=Buddhist thoughts in Sui and Tang Dynasty
摘要 印順法師對中國佛教有所批判,批判的面向、目的與意義值得深入探討。印順法師長期遭受來自中國佛教圈的抨擊,認為他站在印度佛學立場否定中國佛學。本文考察印順法師對於中國佛學的相關論點,顯示其真正態度與觀點。他通過中印佛教歷史的脈絡,觀照中國祖師消化經論義理及開展教學體系的模式。印順法師肯定天台、華嚴等義學宗派能結合義解與實修,由禪觀印證教理,適應中國文化而建立綜合融貫的教理體系,與印度佛學可相互會通。禪宗雖重實行而輕經教,實有其修證體驗,亦未背離佛陀教法的實修面向。他為佛門後進所開佛典閱讀書目,同時包含印度經論與中國典籍。印順法師對中國佛學的義理價值給予高度評價。中國人好簡易、重實行,使佛學視野逐漸窄化,造成中國佛學的衰微。中國佛學產生弊病,無法面對當前的挑戰,就應正視問題,思考如何振興佛法與解決問題。印順法師深入經藏,對中國佛學亦有相應理解,出於對佛教振衰起弊的關懷,點出其實質問題所在。對中國佛教的圓融、真常、他力、神秘等諸多傾向所引生的問題,他以實事求是的客觀精神提出批判,意見可說善意、中肯,應就其整體觀點以求得理解。

Venerable Yin-shun had some criticism on Chinese Buddhism. The dimension, aim and meaning of his criticism deserve a deep discussion. Yin-shun has been thought as the one holding a negative attitude towards Chinese Buddhism from the viewpoint of Indian Buddhism, and has been criticized from the Chinese Buddhist circle for a long time. In this article, we discuss Yin-shun's thoughts of Chinese Buddhism to show his true attitude and ideas. He thoroughly viewed the ways in which the ancient Chinese Buddhist Scholars absorbed the theories of Indian Buddhist texts and developed their own teaching systems. Yin-shun appreciated the scholastic schools of Tien-Tai and Hua-Yen for the combining of theory and practice He confirmed these two schools' efforts to adapt themselve to Chinese culture and developed synthesized systems of Buddhist thought which could be harmonized with Indian Buddhist theories. As for the Chan School, although they paid attention to meditation practice and neglected reading texts, but they had a kind of deep experience which does not deviated from Buddha's teachings. Yin-shun made a list of Buddhist canons to be read for Buddhist students in which both Indian and Chinese texts are included. In fact, he had a very high opinion of Chinese Buddhism. Chinese Buddhist inclinations towards easy way and practice derived a narrow horizon and caused the decline of Buddhism. Having realized the thoughts of Buddhist texts deeply and thoroughly, and having had a good understanding of Chinese Buddhism, due to his concern for the promotion of Chinese Buddhism, Yin-shun pointed out the matters concerning its decline, such as perfect hamonization, true etermity, resorting to outer power, mystery. He critisized with the spirit of being objective, and his opinions are well-meaning advices which should be understood in the full context of his works.
目次一、前言 146
二、從佛教歷史脈絡觀照中國佛學 147
三、對中國佛學的肯定與批判 156
四、結論 168
ISSN18133649 (P); 18133649 (E)
點閱次數20
建檔日期2020.03.18
更新日期2020.03.18










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