Author affiliation: International Buddhist Studies College, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University
Mindfulness; Buddhism; Psychology; MBSR
Mindfulness has been introduced by Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn into the medical assistance service and later it has been developed into several famous psychological therapies. Although Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn has an original intention to combine Dharma with science, and make the Dharma better benefi cial to people’s lives, but has the development of psychotherapy changed the power of Dharma as compared to its applications in Buddhism? In order to respond to this question, this article is designed as an analytical study to fi nd out the developing path of mindfulness from Buddhism to psychology. In order to achieve the objective, it was divided into three parts to do the analytical study. Firstly, it discussed the background of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) to know the basic ideas of Buddhist mindfulness that has been taken into medical application. Secondly, it discussed the practical application of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) to know how the basic ideas is applied in psychology. Thirdly, it made an analytical comparison of two kinds of mindfulness in Buddhism and MBCT. Based on these three parts, it has found out the development path of mindfulness from Buddhism to psychology. By achieving the objective, it has shown that Mindfulness-based therapies are created in a social and cultural background, it has become an interdisciplinary research object and needs the coordinated development of the related disciplines to well understand each other for achieving greater benefi ts; and mindfulness functions to realize the universal dharma which could integrate subjective and objective dualism to form a harmonious life style.
Introduction 50 The Background of MBSR 51 The application of MBCT 53 An analytical comparison of two kinds of mindfulness 58 Conclusion 61 Abbreviations 62