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梁武帝における理想的皇帝像 : 菩薩金輪王としての皇帝=Liang Wudi's Image of the ideal Emperor
作者 遠藤祐介 (著)=エンドウユウスケ (au.)
出處題名 武蔵野大学仏教文化研究所紀要=Journal of Institute of Buddhist Culture, Musashino University=ムサシノ ダイガク ブッキョウ ブンカ ケンキュウジョ キヨウ
卷期n.37
出版日期2021.02.28
頁次1 - 32
出版者武蔵野大学仏教文化研究所
出版者網址 http://www.musashino-u.ac.jp/bukken/
出版地西東京市, 日本 [Nishitokyo-shi, Japan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言日文=Japanese
附註項著者所属:武蔵野大学教授 博士(文学)
關鍵詞宗廟祭祀; 金輪王; 鉄輪王; 阿育王; 皇帝菩薩
摘要Liang Wudi attempted to enforce the reformation of the Ancestral Shrine in 507
(Tianjian 6) or 508 (Tianjian 7). At that time, his vassals called him a “Gold
Wheel-turning King” (the highest of the four ranks of Buddhism’s ideal kings).
This is the starting point of his image of the ideal emperor.

The Zhujiedapinxu, written by Liang Wudi in 512 (Tianjian 11), shows influence
from the Sutra for Humane Kings. In this treatise, the Gold Wheel-turning King
and the Iron Wheel-turning King (the lowest of the four ranks) play a major role
in the world of the human being. Since Sengmin and Fayun collaborated in
composing a commentary on the Sutra for Humane Kings in 507 or 508, Liang
Wudi may have taken the viewpoint of that sutra into consideration.

Baochang, in accordance with an edict from Liang Wudi, edited the Jinglü
yixiang in 516 (Tianjian 15). This Buddhist encyclopedia describes two kinds of
Buddhist kings: the Bodhisattva King and the Śrāvaka King. Based on the Jinglü
yixiang, Liang Wudi is classified as Bodhisattva King and a Gold Wheel-turning
King, while King Aśoka is classified as Śrāvaka King and Iron Wheel-turning
King. Thus Liang Wudi placed himself in a higher rank than Aśoka.

Around 522 (Putong 3), Liang Wudi carried out a Buddhist memorial service,
declaring prohibitions on drinking alcohol and eating meat. On this occasion he
proposed the carrying out of lectures on the Nirvana Sutra, Sutra for Humane
Kings and Golden Light Sutra. He started to assert that the Gold Light Sutra was
similar the Sutra for Humane Kings. In the Putong era (520–527), Liang Wudi
attempted to regulate Buddhist monks, and in countering opposition from Zhizang,
he based his arguments on the Sutra for Humane Kings. During the same era,
Guo Zushen presented his opinions to Liang Wudi, criticizing the management
of the Buddhist saṅgha, concretely mentioning Sengmin and Fayun. The citizens
of the Putong era may have believed that Liang Wudi was a Bodhisattva King
and a Gold Wheel-turning King.

Liang Wudi inherited the faith of Aśoka from Xiao Ziliang and Sengyou.
By his promoting this faith, many Buddhist believers gradually accepted the
apotheosis of Liang Wudi. Between 541 (Datong 7) and 546 (Zhongdatong 1),
the 6th prince of Liang Wudi, Xiao Lun wrote an essay in which he called his father
an Bodhisattva Emperor and Gold Wheel-turning King. Liang Wudi studied the
doctrine of the major Buddhist scriptures and tried to realize the ideal world
according to their mythology.
目次はじめに 3
一 梁武帝と金輪王─天監六年・七年以降の認識─ 4
① 天監六年または天監七年の事例 4
② 天監十七年の事例 6
③ 大通三年以前の事例 7
④ 中大通四年の事例 8
⑤ 中大通五年の事例 9
⑥ 年代不明の事例 9
二 梁武帝と『仁王般若経』における金輪王─天監十一年頃の認識─ 10
三 『経律異相』における菩薩と金輪王─天監十五年の認識─ 14
四 菩薩金輪王としての梁武帝─天監十八年の菩薩戒受戒と普通年間の事跡─ 16
① 『断酒肉文』法会の実施─普通三年頃の事跡─ 17
② 白衣僧正論争─普通三年以前の事跡─ 20
③ 郭祖深の上奏文─普通四年または五年の事跡─ 21
五 梁武帝が生きた時代における阿育王信仰─鉄輪王に対する信仰─ 22
①『冥祥記』に見える阿育王信仰 22
② 蕭子良の阿育王信仰 23
③ 僧祐の阿育王信仰 23
④ 陶弘景の阿育王信仰 24
六 「金輪王」梁武帝と「鉄輪王」阿育王 25
① 梁武帝と『阿育王経』・『経律異相』 25
② 梁武帝と阿育王寺 27
③ 蕭綸の上奏文に見える「金輪」・「皇帝菩薩」 28
おわりに 29
註 30
略号 31
参考文献 31
ISSN18820107 (P)
點閱次數3
建檔日期2021.09.16
更新日期2021.09.23










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