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「人間佛教」:多元佛教與佛教的人本主義 — 以佛耶比較為背景=Humanistic Buddhism: Flexible Outreach for the Sake of Human Salvation
Author 陳堅 (著)=Chen, Jian (au.)
Source 2016星雲大師人間佛教理論實踐研究(下)
Pages416 - 443
Publisher Url
Location高雄市, 臺灣 [Kaohsiung shih, Taiwan]
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Keyword佛教=Buddhism; 中國佛教=Chinese Buddhism; 多元=flexible outreach; 人本主義=human salvation; 判教=comparative religions; 人間佛教=Humanistic Buddhism

One of the unique characteristics of Buddhism is its capacity to flexibly adjust to the needs of different people. This paper discusses how Buddhist texts, teaching methods, and practices frequently advocate a diversity of approaches in providing individuals with opportunities to develop faith in the Dharma and cultivate according to one’s affinities and inclinations. It is the contention of this paper that the reason for this inclination in Buddhism is the fundamentally humanistic outlook of the religion. Just as in the diagnosis of illnesses, where there is not one medicine but medicine appropriate to the ailment, likewise so in Buddhism. The various states of suffering foundational to the human condition must be treated only with the appropriate Dharma teaching and practice. These humanistic qualities of Buddhism are expressed in the following three dichotomous principles: “the good and the most good,” “the expedient and the transcendental,” and “the relative and the absolute.” In spite of flexibility in Buddhist outreach, contradiction and conflict are not the result, but rather harmony and unity where the “one sound” of the Dharma is a “perfect sound.”

Table of contents中文摘要 416
一、前言 418
二、佛耶比較背景下的多元佛教 418
(一)宗教教主或信仰對象的「一元與多元」 419
(二)宗教經典的「一元與多元」 420
(三)宗教方法的「一元與多元」 424
三、多元佛教語境下的佛教人本主義 427
四、等差關係的佛教「人本主義」多元結構 434
(一)「好與最好」之等差關係 434
(二)「方便與究竟」之等差關係 435
(三)「權與實」之等差關係 437
五、「一音」與「圓音」—佛教的統一與多元 441
Created date2018.03.27
Modified date2018.04.10

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