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論人間佛教的「現代性」與「傳統性」 — 從太虛大師到星雲大師=On Modernity and Tradition of Humanistic Buddhism: From Master Taixu to Venerable Master Hsing Yun
Author 唐忠毛 =Tang, Zhong-mao
Source 2017星雲大師人間佛教理論實踐研究
Date2018.05.01
Pages250 - 269
Publisher佛光文化事業有限公司
Publisher Url http://www.fgs.com.tw/index.php
Location高雄市, 臺灣 [Kaohsiung shih, Taiwan]
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note1. 唐忠毛,華東師範大學社會發展學院教授。
Keyword人間佛教=Humanistic Buddhism; 星雲大師=Venerable Master Hsing Yun; 現代性=modernity; 傳統=tradition; 超越=transcendence
Abstract人間佛教自近代太虛大師提出,經過一批佛教大德們的理論完善與實踐證成,現在已經成為「兩岸四地」中國佛教的主流思潮與實踐模式,而台灣星雲大師開創並引領的佛光山人間佛教模式,已經將人間佛教帶向了世界化發展,成為二十一世紀中華文化影響世界的一個重要淵源。人間佛教何以能夠成為當今中國的佛教主流思潮?何以成為佛教現代化生存的必由之路?這正是因為人間佛教既因應了時代發展的現實要求,又扎根於佛教的精神傳統與佛陀本懷。換句話說,正是因為人間佛教做到了「隨緣不變」、「不變隨緣」,契理契機地將佛陀本懷與現實社會生活密切結合起來。用學術一點的語言來說,正是因為人間佛教實現了佛教在現時代「現代性」與「傳統性」的融合,才使得傳統佛教煥發出現代氣息與生命力。星雲大師曾對人間佛教做過精闢的解釋,他說:「佛說的、人要的、淨化的、善美的,凡有助於增進幸福人生的教法,都是人間佛教。」事實上,這一對人間佛教的理解當中,就包含了對人間佛教「傳統性」與「現代性」的高度概括,「佛說的」涵蓋了佛教的「傳統性」,「人要的」則是涵蓋了佛教的「現代性」。本文試以太虛大師到星雲大師的人間佛教發展歷程,略論人間佛教的「現代性」與「傳統性」。

Humanistic Buddhism was initially proposed by Master Taixu in early modern times, then refined in theory and verified in practice by a number of eminent monks. It now is a major ideological trend and practical model for Chinese Buddhism in Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao. Fo Guang Shan in Taiwan, under the leadership of Venerable Master Hsing Yun, has brought the model of Humanistic Buddhism development worldwide. This has become an important channel for Chinese culture to the world. How is it that Humanistic Buddhism has become a major Buddhist ideological trend in Mainland China? How has it become the way for Buddhism to modernize and to survive? Humanistic Buddhism not only responds to the practical needs of this era, but it is rooted in spiritual Buddhist traditions and the Buddha’s original intents. In other words, it is precisely that Humanistic Buddhism has succeeded in “remain adaptable, yet unchanged” and “remain unchanging, yet adapt to circumstances,” as well as closely linking the Buddha’s original intents with realistic social living according to differing aptitudes and needs. In an academic light, Humanistic Buddhism, in this modern era, has actualized the integration of “modernity” and “tradition.” As a result, traditional Buddhism derived a modern feel and vitality. Venerable Master Hsing Yun provided an incisive explanation about Humanistic Buddhism, saying “What the Buddha taught, what is essential to human beings, what purifies, and what is virtuous and beautiful. All teachings that benefit a happy life belong to Humanistic Buddhism.” In fact, this explanation accurately summarizes the “modernity” and “tradition” of Humanistic Buddhism. “What the Buddha taught” expresses the “tradition” of Buddhism, and “what is essential to human beings” comprises the “modernity.” This paper discusses the “modernity” and “tradition” of Humanistic Buddhism through the historical development of Humanistic Buddhism from Master Taixu to Venerable Master Hsing Yun.
Table of contents中文摘要 250
一、太虛大師人間佛教提出的現代性背景 252
二、星雲大師人間佛教實踐的現代性特質 256
三、人間佛教的傳統性:從太虛大師到星雲大師 262
四、人間佛教的「理性」與「超越性」 265
結語 268
ISBN978957457458582
Hits54
Created date2018.07.23



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