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覺浪道盛與方以智師生的「不二社」=Juelang Daosheng and Fang Yi-zhi, the teacher and the student's Bu-er club
Author 謝明陽
Source 佛光人文學報=Fo Guang Journal of Humanities
Volumen.1
Date2018.01.01
Pages131 - 151
Publisher佛光大學人文學院
Publisher Url https://coh.fgu.edu.tw/zh_tw/12
Location宜蘭縣, 臺灣 [I-lan hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note謝明陽,國立東華大學中國語文學系教授。
Keyword覺浪道盛=Juelang Daosheng; 方以智=Fang Yi-zhi; 不二社=Bu-er Club; 雙選社=Shuang-xuan Club; 《莊子提正》=Zhuangzi Ti Zheng
Abstract覺浪道盛《莊子提正》:「時予倚杖靈山,偶與不二社諸子談及莊生之祕。」據今人論述,道盛寫作《莊子提正》之時為順治五年(1648),寫作之地在江南太平府的靈山無相寺。但「不二社」究竟是怎樣的社團?卻沒有正確的答案。至2014年,《冬灰錄》一書由邢益海先生校注出版,此書言及,覺浪道盛的「不二社」是繼承雲棲袾宏、無異元來的禪、淨不二之說而成立,故「不二」者,禪宗與淨土宗合一之意。本文即依據《冬灰錄》的說法討論從雲棲袾宏、無異元來到覺浪道盛、方以智,諸位佛門大師如何進行禪、淨不二的論述?概言之,雲棲袾宏希望眾人老實念佛,通達於西方淨土;無異元來則強調頓發疑情,維持了禪宗身姿。覺浪道盛和方以智更將禪、淨不二之說,導向於儒、佛雙選,使得兩位得道高僧,同時也成為鼎天立地的浩然儒者。

In Juelang Daosheng‘s book, Zhuangzi Ti Zheng, it says “When I stayed at Ling Mountain, I sometimes talked about the secrets of Zhuangzi with the members of Bu-er Club.” According to the description of people nowadays, the time Daosheng wrote Zhuangzi Ti Zheng is in the fifth year of Shunzhi’s reign(1648), and he wrote it at Wu-xiang Temple in Ling Mountain, which is located in Tai-ping Prefecture, Jiang-nan Province. However, what kind of group did Bu-er Club actually be? There is no correct answer. In 2014, a scholar, Xing Yi-hai, annotated and published Dong Hui Lu, which is written by Fang Yi-zhi. The book mentions that Juelang Daosheng’s Bu-er Club established by inheriting Yunqi Zhuhong and Wuyi Yuanlai’s theory of Zen and Pure Land having no difference. Therefore, “Bu-er” means that Zen Sect and Pure Land Sect combine in one. This essay is based on the statement of Dong Hui Lu, discussing from Yunqi Zhuhong and Wuyi Yuanlai to Juelang Daosheng and Fang Yi-zhi, how did these Buddhism masters discuss that Zen and Pure Land have no difference? In general, Yunqi Zhuhong wished that everyone can chant the name of Buddha with devotion in ordr to reach the Western Pure Land. One the other hand, Wuyi Yuanlai emphasized on springing up doubt, maintaining Zen Buddhism attitude. Juelang Daosheng and Fang Yi-zhi even guided the theory of no differences in Zen and Pure Land into existence of both Confucianism and Buddha. This made the two enlightenment monks meanwhile became expansive Confucians with indomitable spirit.
Table of contents一、前言 2
二、「不二社」取自禪、淨不二 3
三、雲棲袾宏、無異元來的合一滴水 6
四、覺浪道盛的不二之說 10
五、方以智調和「不二」與「雙選」 13
六、結論 17
ISSN27890082 (P); 27890090 (E)
Hits731
Created date2019.07.30
Modified date2022.08.08



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