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辛稼軒詩中的佛道儒面向=The Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism in the Metrical Poems of Xin Jia-xuan
Author 王雅雍
Source 佛光人文學報=Fo Guang Journal of Humanities
Volumen.2
Date2019.04.15
Pages105 - 139
Publisher佛光大學人文學院
Publisher Url https://coh.fgu.edu.tw/zh_tw/12
Location宜蘭縣, 臺灣 [I-lan hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note王雅雍,佛光大學中國文學與應用學系碩士專班生。
Keyword辛棄疾=Xin Qi-ji; 稼軒詩=Jia-xuan's metrical poems; 語拙意真; 佛; thought
Abstract  文學家辛棄疾以詞名世,但其詩作數量稀少,探究其因,除文集佚失的關係外,前人尚有「天分偏嗜」、「避謗戒詩」等不同說法;而以其詩的內容來觀察其對於作詩之心態,確有刻意「不事詩」的可能,然稼軒對詩的重視亦顯現在他的詩作中,無庸置疑。
  稼軒詩的風格泰半是平易樸實、「語拙意真」,喜學陶淵明、邵康節、白居易,亦具有宋詩普遍的說理傾向,並時用典故;然亦有情景交融的麗句。而當稼軒遭遇仕途之坎坷、同僚之誣陷,往往以詩來寄情遣懷,特別容易從中看出其具有佛、道、儒的三種思想面向,而探析至最後,可以發現其自我認同仍舊是儒家,只是稼軒不自覺地融入了老、莊、陶甚至是佛學思想。
  稼軒詩的價值,在於毫不掩飾地展現其人格特質與思想的多元面向,讓讀者直接看見其人生的矛盾與遺憾,以及其內心最深的嚮往。

The writer Xin Qi-ji is famous in Sung-Tsz, but his metrical poems are small in quantity. To explore the causes, in addition to the collected works are missing, the predecessors still have "innately favoritism" and "to abstain from wirting poetry for avoiding slanders". Different arguments; while observing the content of his poetry, there is indeed the possibility of deliberately "no poetry." However, Jia-xuan's emphasis on poetry is also evident in his poetic works. There is no doubt about this.
The greater part of Jia-xuan's metrical poetry style is simple and plain, and it is "ungraceful language but real meaning," and he also likes to study Tao Yuan-ming, Shao Kan-gjie, and Bai Ju-yi. He also has a general tendency to reason about Song metrical poetry and uses allusions; however, there are also scenes
and emotions that blend together. When Jia-xuan encounters the difficulties of his career and the fall of his colleagues, he tends to use the metrical poems to convey his sentiments. It is particularly easy to see that he has the three ideological aspects of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. In the final analysis, we can find
that his self-identity is still Confucianism, nevertheless, Jiaxuan unconsciously integrated Laozi, Zhuangzi, Tao Yuan-ming, and even Buddhist thought.
The value of Jia-xuan's metrical poems lies in the unambiguous display of the diversity of personality traits and ideas, allowing readers to directly see the contradictions and regrets of his life, as well as his deepest aspirations.
Table of contents一、前言 2
二、稼軒詩中論詩與詩風 4
三、坎坷的仕途 11
四、佛境與禪修 14
五、道與隱逸 18
六、儒家的依歸 22
七、結論 28
ISSN27890082 (P); 27890090 (E)
Hits186
Created date2019.07.30
Modified date2022.08.08



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