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初探夏荊山〈羅漢圖〉的藝術特徵 — 兼論佛畫畫樣的幾種傳演方式=A Preliminary Study of Xia Jing Shan’s Arhat Paintings and the Transmission and Adaptation of Buddhist Painting Models
Author 何嘉誼 (著)=Ho Ka-Yi (au.)
Source 夏荊山藝術論衡=Journal of Xia Jing Shan's Art
Volumen.11
Date2021.03
Pages69 - 96
Publisher財團法人夏荊山文化藝術基金會
Publisher Url http://www.xjsacf.com/TW/Showroom02/ugC_ShowroomItem.asp
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:香港中文大學藝術系助理教授
Assistant Professor, Department of Fine Arts, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Keyword夏荊山=Xia Jing Shan; 羅漢圖=Arhat painting; 畫樣=painting model
Abstract由夏荊山許多臨摹或取材自古代佛畫的作品,可知夏氏對由宋至清之菩薩、觀音、羅漢、鍾馗等經典作品的熟稔。本文前半部將以夏荊山羅漢畫為對象,分析夏荊山臨仿古畫之〈羅漢畫〉的圖像來源,及其對古畫圖式臨仿與再創造的方法,並歸納出夏氏羅漢畫具有精於勾描、設色的特徵,有別於其觀音、達摩、鍾馗圖常見的縱逸氣質,而更接近於其佛、菩薩圖的沉靜、華美。而傳抄轉譯古代畫樣的作法,自古即為常見的佛畫創作方式。本文的後半部即以幾種明清時期佛畫畫樣於不同媒材、時空環境間的傳演例子,說明夏荊山佛畫的創作模式亦古來有自。

Xia Jing Shan’s profound knowledge of ancient Chinese Buddhist paintings is evidenced by the abundant amount of his copies and adaptations of paintings of Bodhisattvas, Avalokiteśvara, Arhats, and Zhong kui from the Song through the Qing periods. This article analyzes Xia Jing Shan’s Arhat paintings to discern the origins of his Arhat motifs and his modes of copying, imitating, and transforming ancient painting models. In terms of the artistic characteristics of Xia’s Arhat paintings, their meticulous representation and lavished colors are closer to that of his paintings of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas than his paintings of Avalokiteśvara, Bodhidharma, and Zhong kui, which feature untrammeled brushwork and extraordinary atmosphere. The latter part of the article uses examples of the transmission and adaptation of hand-painted or woodblock-printed Buddhist painting models in China, especially during the Ming and Qing periods, to demonstrate that Xia Jing Shan inherited this painting method from ancient masters.
Table of contents壹、初探夏荊山的創作手法及其〈羅漢圖〉的藝術特徵 71
貳、中國佛畫的幾種傳演模式 75
一、手描畫樣 75
二、木刻版畫畫樣 76
(一)水陸畫畫樣 76
(二)佛傳故事插圖 77
(三)畫譜、類書插圖 78
(四)觀音圖像繪本、刻本、拓本 80
參、小結 82
ISSN24126233 (P)
Hits25
Created date2021.04.08
Modified date2021.04.08



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