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曇鸞的淨土思想 -- 兼論北魏金石碑銘所見的淨土=Tan-Laun's Pureland Thought: Comparing to the Pureland Found in Bei-Wei Dyansty's Inscriptions
著者 陳敏齡
掲載誌 東方宗教研究=Studies in Oriental Religions
巻号n.新4
出版年月日1994.10
ページ47 - 66
出版者國立藝術學院傳統藝術研究中心
出版地臺北縣, 臺灣 [Taipei hsien, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese
キーワード曇鸞; 淨土宗; 法身; 世親; 念佛; 阿彌陀佛; 佛教造像
抄録Tan-Luan's concept of the Pureland is a synthesis of Nagarjuna's Madyamika and Vasubandhu's `Vijnanavada`. He develops Vasubandhu's idea of `dharmakaya`, and presents the theory "Two `Dharmakaya` "...... `dharmata-dharmakaya` and `upayadharmakaya`. According to this, He emphasizes that everything is dependent on the power of Amitayur's vows. Therefore, the unique thought of the power of Amita-Buddha is formed. Besides this, Tan-Launinterprets the Vasubandhu's idea of concentration by samatha and `vipasyna` written in "The Five Thinking Methods" into the conception of "Three kinds of faith"......the correspondence of Amita's name and its meaning. According to this, He emphasizes the true virtuousness of Amita's name.Therefore, he is also the pioneer in erecting the method of chanting Amita's name.

If we compare the concept of the Pureland that is found in the stone-monuments of Bei-Wei Dynasty to Tan-Luan's thought, we would find, their beliefs to the Pureland were not only mixing with Sakhyamuni, Maitreya, Avalokitesvara, etc., but also a secularism which were abundant of the wishes of longlife, sensitive happiness and pursuing the merit in future life. Those are very different from the conception of Tan-Luan. Because he prefers to use the term "Pureland" in substitude for the term of " `Sukhavati` ". But his declaration of "The Easily Way"that relies on the belief into Amita-Buddha, is just to resolve the anxiety of "non-Buddha" caused in the thought of expecting the coming of Maitreya.

Consequently, in Tan-Luan's thought of Pureland, the power of Amita-Buddha and the faith to Amita-Buddha is emphasized. By the cotinous endeavourness of his followers Dao-Chuo and Shan-Dao,finally the Chinese Pureland Schoolwas built and a new religious world was started.
ISSN10139605 (P)
研究種類佛教-思想; 文獻資料
研究年代南北朝-北朝-北魏
研究地域中國
ヒット数1072
作成日1998.07.22
更新日期2017.09.06



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