サイトマップ本館について諮問委員会お問い合わせ資料提供著作権について当サイトの内容を引用するホームページへ        

書目仏学著者データベース当サイト内
検索システム全文コレクションデジタル仏経言語レッスン博物館リンク
 


加えサービス
書誌管理
書き出し
祖師傳承說的石刻例證 -- 龍門看經寺洞羅漢群像考=The Legendary Lineage of Ch'an Partriarches Euidenced by Reliefs: A Study of the 29 Arahant Images in the K'an-ching-szu Cave of Lung-men Grottoes
著者 陳清香 (著)=Chen, Ching-hsiang (au.)
掲載誌 東方宗教研究=Studies in Oriental Religions
巻号n.新4
出版年月日1994.10
ページ211 - 231
出版者國立藝術學院傳統藝術研究中心
出版地臺北縣, 臺灣 [Taipei hsien, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese
キーワード佛教美術; 羅漢像; 祖師傳承說; 看經寺; 禪宗
抄録The 29 arahant reliefs carved in the K'an-cning-szu cave of Lung-men grottoes have veryspecial significance in the history of Chinese Buddhist arts, the history of statue-making in stone cave , and the history of Buddhist thought. This paper tries to make an investigation from three aspects.

The 29 arahant reliefs in K'ang-cning-szu cave are the products of the reign between Empress WuCheh-tien and Emperor T'ang Hsuan-chung. This is the second peak period of Chinese Buddhist sculpture art after the prominent period of Northern Wei Dynesty.In this period , the reslistic style of the region west of Tun-huang integrated with the traditionalskill of elegant line-sculpture , fully manifesting the style of prominent T'ang Dynasty.

Firstly , the artistic style. The 29 arahant reliefs show 29 styles of bhikkhu. Some are old,some are young. Some are in deep thinking , some are looking upward. They all have rich facial expression. Some palm their hands in showing respects, some hold lotus or rosary in their hands.They put on monk robe , showing the image of the eminent monks in T'ang Dynasty. They are the representative works of figures in prominent T'ang Dynasty.

Secondly , the motifs of Chinese Buddhist figures. Before T'ang Dynasty , Buddhas andBodhisattvas were the main motifs of Buddhist sculpture. Arahants are the minor motifs. In most cases, there are only Kaseayapa and Ananda flanking Sakyamuni Buddha. In only one or two cases, there is exception. For example , the Sakyamuni Buddha's ten major disciples appear in the 18th cave of Yun-gang grottoes.

Entering the T'ang Dynasty , the creation of arahant statue increases gradually. The arahantsappeared to be the standing bhikkhus waiting on Skyamuni Buddha, or the audience in dharma lecture,or the virtuous people reborn in Western Pure Land,or the crying disciples by the side of the dying Sakyamuni Buddha. However , these arahants don't occupy major status just like the arahants in K'an-ching-szu cave. The arahant reliefs ofK'an-ching-szu cave are not only the pioneer of making arahants the major motif in Buddhist sculpture but also the beginning of multi-arahant sculpture in late T'ang and Sung Dynasties.

Thirdly , in general the scholars believe that 29 arahant motifs in K'an-ching-szu were sculpturedfollowing the account of 29 patriarches in "Li Dai Fa Bao Chi" (Book of the Dharma Jewels in All Generations) and therefore have relationship with the lineage of ch'an school.

The lineage of ch'an patriarches from India to China has different accounts. Since Southern andNorthern Dynasties, there were various versions regarding the number of patriarch:53 , 54 , 28 , 29,or 8. When "Ching Teh Chuan Teng Lu" (Book of the Great Virtuous Lamp-transmitting) was completed in early Sung Dynasty , the account of 28 patriarches was universally accepted until today. However, according to the investigation of modern scholars,it seems that the legend of 28 patriarches is not reliable. The question is when this legendoriginates. Some consider that it originated from "Bao Lin Ch'uang" (Biography of Precious Forest)which was finished in 801 A.D. However , Dr. Hu Hsih believed that it was invented by the Sixth Patriarch Hui Neng's disciple Shen Hui just before he died in762 A.D. Riv. Yin-shuen regards that it was completed in 730 A.D.

The 29 arahant reliefs of K'an-ching-szu clearly shows that there was already the legend of29 patriarches in late 7th and early 8th century,i.e. earlier than Dr. Hu Hsih's claim. In other words, is Riv. Yin-shuen and Dr. Hu Hsih's conclusion refuted?

Since Sung Dynasty , people believed that there were 28 patriarches in India. But , there are 29patriarches in K'an-ching-szu reliefs. What is the basis of the legend? Is it "Li Dai Fa Bao Chi" which definitely says that there are 29 patriarches in India? But "Li Dai Fa Bao Chi" was finished by 775 A.D. How can it be the basis of the relif motifs in K'an-ching-szu cave?<
ISSN10139605 (P)
ヒット数884
作成日1998.07.22
更新日期2017.09.06



Chrome, Firefox, Safari(Mac)での検索をお勧めします。IEではこの検索システムを表示できません。

注意:

この先は にアクセスすることになります。このデータベースが提供する全文が有料の場合は、表示することができませんのでご了承ください。

修正のご指摘

下のフォームで修正していただきます。正しい情報を入れた後、下の送信ボタンを押してください。
(管理人がご意見にすぐ対応させていただきます。)

シリアル番号
262576

検索履歴
フィールドコードに関するご説明
検索条件ブラウズ