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法眼宗禪法的華嚴意涵=A Study of Huayan Thought in the Chan Teachings of the Fayan School
著者 劉貴傑 (著)=Liu, Gui-jie (au.)
掲載誌 哲學與文化=Monthly Review of Philosophy and Culture
巻号v.44 n.5
出版年月日2017.05.01
ページ89 - 108
出版者哲學與文化月刊雜誌社
出版サイト http://www.umrpc.fju.edu.tw
出版地臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese
ノート作者為國立清華大學環境與文化資源學系教授。
キーワード一心=One Mind; 六相=Six Characteristics; 法界觀=Meditation on the Dharmadhatu; 理事不二=Identity of Principle and Phenomena; 一多相即=The Mutual Identity of One and Many
抄録法眼宗為中國禪宗的一個支派。創始者為五代禪僧文益(885-958),因其謚號為「大法眼禪師」而得名,屬於南宗青原法系。此宗在五家中創立最晚,隆盛於五代至宋初,延壽之後,即漸衰絕,流傳不過百年。法眼宗提出「理事相資,貴在圓融」與「不著他求,盡由心造」的主張。其禪法重在體悟一切現成,萬法皆不外自心所現。自五代、宋初以來,華嚴宗仍然保有其佛教修學的影響力。一方面因為有義學僧伽專習《華嚴》經教,另一方面由於禪宗僧人也重視對華嚴學的創用。所以,有些禪僧便借資華嚴義理來闡揚禪法。法眼宗的一些禪僧受到華嚴教學的影響,對華嚴宗的義理也有攝受。由於並非所有法眼宗的禪僧都資取華嚴以傳揚禪法,而且相關的原始文獻也非常寡少,所以本文只能就該宗援引華嚴以入禪法的文益、德韶(891-972)、延壽(904-975)三位禪師的著作中與華嚴經教、華嚴義理相關的垂示,論述這三位禪師每將禪法與華嚴教學加以聯結,闡明其禪法的華嚴意涵,從而呈現法眼宗禪法的圓融特色。

The Fayan school is a lineage of the Chinese Chan school. Its founder was the Chan monk Wenyi (885-958), who lived during the Five Dynasties. Since his posthumous title was "Chan Master Great Dharma Eye" (Da fayan chanshi), his school was named Fayan. It belonged to the Southern Qingyuan lineage. Among the five schools of Chan, Fayan was the latest to be established. It flourished during the Five Dynasties and Early Song Dynasty. After Yanshou, its third patriarch, it declined and vanished, having been transmitted for only one century. The Fayan school taught that principle and phenomena are in harmony, its method emphasized the realization of the truth that the mind is the origin of all dharmas. During the Song dynasty, the Huayan school still exerted its influence on Buddhist study and practice. On the one hand, there were erudite monks who specialized in the study of Huayan thought. On the other hand, monks belonging to the Chan school also emphasized the study of Huayan. Therefore, a number of Chan monks relied on the Huayan teachings when they expounded their method of Chan practice. Chan monks of the Fayan school were influenced by Huayan teachings to a considerable degree, and they absorbed numerous concepts from the Huayan school. Only a few original sources of this school have been transmitted, therefore this study only discusses the combining and blending of Chan teachings and Huayan thought as manifest in the writings and records of the Fayan masters Wenyi, Deshao (891-972), and Yanshou (904-975).
ISSN10158383 (P); 10158383 (E)
ヒット数44
作成日2019.01.17



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